Journal of Moses Holden.
[The spelling and grammar used by Moses Holden has been faithfully transcribed.
In some names it demonstrates the pronunciation of the word, as in Stomen, for
Stalmine, and several names of individual people mentioned.]
January 19th 1811 I left Preston to go into the Fylde. I had the offer of and accepted a horse. I rode the greatest part of the way, was benighted, but met a generous young man that was my guide. Got to Poulton at 7 o’clock – was comfortably received.
Jan. 20th I preached at Thornton Marsh side. I felt a comfortable time and a blessed season. I preached there in the afternoon and continued of the same subject. I preached at Poulton at night and had a good number to hear.
Jan. 21st I got breakfast at Thos. Holdens’, my cousin, and from there I went to Little Marton. I preached to them, had a comfortable time. Spoke to them afterwards, and they seemed willing to meet in class after much persuasive action, and chose their leader.
Jan 22nd I came back to Poulton and got an interview with Rev. Mr. Hall. Had an
hour’s conversation with him on divine subjects. Seemed to agree in opinions, and he
invited me to give him a call every time I came round. I dined at Poulton. John
Tomlinson took me on his horse over the River Wyre to Preesall. When I got there I felt a
little uncomfortable in my mind, but this left me. I felt the effects this night of sitting
in a large damp parlour, after taking some hot tea. The place was without fire. I was
hour’s conversation with him on divine subjects. Seemed to agree in opinions, and he
invited me to give him a call every time I came round. I dined at Poulton. John
Tomlinson took me on his horse over the River Wyre to Preesall. When I got there I felt a
little uncomfortable in my mind, but this left me. I felt the effects this night of sitting
in a large damp parlour, after taking some hot tea. The place was without fire. I was
there in it about 2 hours I got a severe hoarseness. I preached at Preesall with some
difficulty. I wished to sleep at Mr Neals. Was astonished to find such a family in these
parts. Oh, what heavenly simplicity dwelt among them. At night we knelt down. I
prayed, then Mr McNeil, his two sons and wife. I then concluded – but there were two
little girls. He (McNeil) said, “Lasses! Are you asleep?” One then began to pray. I was so
affected with the power she prayed with I could but weep. No sooner had she done
difficulty. I wished to sleep at Mr Neals. Was astonished to find such a family in these
parts. Oh, what heavenly simplicity dwelt among them. At night we knelt down. I
prayed, then Mr McNeil, his two sons and wife. I then concluded – but there were two
little girls. He (McNeil) said, “Lasses! Are you asleep?” One then began to pray. I was so
affected with the power she prayed with I could but weep. No sooner had she done
but another began. That astonished me as much.
Wed 23rd This morning I was awoke by the family singing a hymn about half past five. I got up, but had much a do to find my clothing. It was so dark. When I got down, one had prayed. There were father, three sons, two wives. Joined in prayer. I could scarce speak for my hoarseness. This forenoon Mr McNeal went with me to Mr Gaskell’s. We dined there. I did not feel the profit here as I did at McNeils’. They sent a boy to show me the way to Rawcliffe. I got there and found it more profitable than the place before mentioned. We seemed all of one mind, and called on God in fervent prayer. It was at two old acquaintances. They seemed to have lost ground in their souls, but I felt a savour of sincerity in them and Divine prayer. I preached, but found hard work through my hoarseness, for it seemed worse. The people seemed much affected.
Thurs. 24th Lawrence Disley went with me to Eccleston. I had a good company. They were attentive, and I felt it easier to speak, through, I think, eating some raw onion.
Fri. 25th I went to St. Michaels, but met with a cool reception, and I had thought of going and leaving them, and would, had not an old woman said go not, but go with me for I am sure if some people on the moss a little further knew you must not go without preaching. So I let her be my guide, and went with her. She took me up to the Mallys of Wescot or Westwood. They were ready to jump for joy. I asked them if they would accept of preaching. Yes, replied they, and you must preach tonight. There was one that knew me. They got a house full and had a good time, and I spoke with more ease. They promised if I would come they would be happy to meet to gather.
Sat. 26th This morning the old man went with me to Plumpton. I got dinner at John Watson’s, and spent a comfortable hour or two. Then set off for home, and got there just at night, but was perplexed about some things I had sent for from London not being arrived, that should have been down a week since, but I put my trust in God, and looked up to him for support.
Sund. 27th I went to chapel and heard a sermon. Went in the afternoon to Moon’s-mill. I preached and felt the power of God present. Stopped for tea at Thos. Ward’s. Went to chapel at night. Heard a sermon.
Mon. 28th This morning, those things from London arrived, and so I should get my work done in the time that I had promised. I fell and thanked full glory to God. I set about my work. I began to polish a large mirror or speculum 8 inches diameter, to a radius of 20 feet. 10 feet focal length, and finished it, but metal was not mixed. Had yellow specks in it. Went to philosophic meeting.
Tues. 29th I began to fit up a refractor, 9 feet long, 4 inches diameter.
Wed. 30th I completed it as to fitting up, and had a look through at the Moon and Jupiter. I saw Jupiter’s belts and satellites. This day I began the other two tonight after looking through this, and going down with the young man that it was for to Walton. I felt a comfortable season at my class. These things did not pursue me there.
Thurs. 31st I continued the fitting of those two telescopes up.
Friday Feb. 1st I completed them. At night I went to Walton to black that young mans’ telescope in the inside &c. We had another look at the Moon and Jupiter.
Satters. 2nd I was implored in getting things ready for another for myself. Sent my books to Poulton.
Sund. 3rd This morning I went to call of Mr Morgan, Calvinist Minister. He desired it as he had to go to Kirkham, and I had to go, him, Thos. Ward and we went together. It began to rain, and we were very ill wet. I had to preach at Kirkham now for the first time, of the 3 methods of preaching, for there had been no preaching for a long time. I preached at 2 in the afternoon. There were 21 to hear, but pitiful singing. Place looked desolate. The Calvinists had took forms and pulpit out. We returned but were ill wetted with the rain, but it cleared up, and with walking fast I was warm, and thought I was not so ill wetted as I proved to be, for I went to Chapel, went cold and got cold.
Mond. 4th I began the filing up that I had made preparation for, and took all my eye pieces from another that I have made, and made a fresh one for that. This week was employed in this work, as I made a deal of labour about it for my own purpose. I made it to take in pieces in the middle, and the stands to take in two in middle, and box to hold all.
Sund. 10th This morning l left Preston to go to a Missionary in the Fylde country. I preached at Kirkham. I preached to fewer than there were last Sunday. John Tomlinson was there from Poulton with his horse, and I rode from Bread-kirk Hall to Poulton, and got there a little before dark and preached to the place full of folks.
Mond. 11th I stopped at Poulton and preached at night, and felt comfortable while I delivered the word of life, and felt thankful for the kindness the people showed me.
Tues. 12th I stopped till afternoon before I went. Then we went to Thornton Marsh and preached there to a large house full.
Wedn. 13th A person of the name of Charnley went with me to show me the way to Skippool. I went on to Wyre side. The tide was at its height and extended from bank to bank. When I got to the Shard or ferry I waited long before the boatman came. At last some people came to come over from the other side. The water was rough and waves ran high, but the wind soon blew us over. I went on to Rawcliffe. They had not got to hear Lawrence Disley. Went to invite his neighbour to come to hear. They came to gather in great numbers and were attentive.
Thurs. 14th I went on to Preesall and called at Thos. Ronsons’. They had not got here, so I went on to Pilling Lane to Mr McNeal’s, and told all the inhabitants in my way that there would be preaching there. I was received comfortably. Got dinner, then Mr McNeal and me went to the sea side and stayed until the tide was at the height, and began to return. We returned. The neighbours began to come. I felt a powerful time in preaching, and the people were much affected. We had a comfortable time, and some of McNeal’s family prayed after I had done preaching. They have got into a nice way of praying. That is, beginning at the point and praying short. We had a precious time at family prayers. Mr. McNeal, two sons and his son’s wife and two daughters all prayed.
Frid. 15th I went to St. Michaels on Moss-side. I was received with the homely welcome of country people, but the night was unfavourable, and but few attended, for it snowed and blew a storm. After I had preached an alarming sermon, I joined four or five in class, but I think the people seem terrified at the mention of a class. I don’t see any other cause than that they think some money will be going. I have keen feelings about this, and hardly know how to act in this case. Some stand back that have the world’s wealth as if a vein had to be opened or a tooth drawn, or like a coward would go into battle. But really, the poor that have nothing, how would Christ act in this case. I think he would bid them welcome, and what they do he would measure it out of their ability, and not that they do give witness. The widow and her two mites.
Sat.16th I stayed at Moss-side till after dinner, and was informed of the appearance of an opening at Churchtown. I set off in the afternoon to Eccleston. I found Mr Lilley there, the Superintendent of Lancaster. He had to preach but he threw it on me. There were but few. We had a comfortable talk after, and Mr Lilley and me slept together this place. The Lancaster preachers had supplied since Jonathon Kirshaw left, and it was planned for a Thursday night in my plan, but Mr Lilley would not give it up, and they would not accept of the two sets. They would accept me if the Lancaster preachers would give it up.
Sun. 17th This morn, Mr Lilley preached from “How can these things be”. Lawrence Disley was there, and he went with me to Kirkham. I there fain would have sent the Bellman and wrote a note for him and sent Lawrence, but his door was locked. I sent three times but he was gone out of town. I preached at two o’clock to a very few. There came a butcher of the name of Kirby that sang hearty, and seemed to be very much took with our way and manner. I shook hands with him and asked him to come at night. He said he would do and accordingly did, and brought more with him, and was hearty beyond describing. He sang, showed people to their seats, snuffed candles, shut door, and when they sang he scolded James if he did not sing hard. He seemed all fire, and I was pleased to see it. We were so ill off for singing when preaching was over. I said to the people I commended their good sense – that is, they detested the conduct of those that pretended to Religion, but whose conduct was so contrary to it. All was Protestants that were there. There was one from Bryning there, Kirby the butcher brought him. He invited be to come there. I told him I would on Tuesday night instead of Eccleston. I got to sleep at James Parkinsons, and was well entertained with that poor family.
Mon. 18th This morning I was astonished at the conduct of one of James’s sons at family prayer. He was in bed when we were praying. His father was at prayer. He tumbled out of bed and stormed up and down the room. “Bring me stockings, Bring me stockings.” Nor did he rest till his mother sent little girl with them. I set off for Salwick, got there before dinner, was comfortably received, was very sorry to hear that Bartle Diley had a cow choked. We had a good congregation and attentive, although it was very dark, wet, stormy and dirty. I gave it out to be here on Sattersday night fortnight.
Tues. 19th I got Bartle to give his bond to Mr Cookson, carpenter, to see him paid conjointly with James Parkinson for filling up Chapel the course of this year. I got dinner there, then, set off for Bryning according to my promise. I got there, and met with the same homely, friendly, and good reception I did there 6 or 7 years since. They invited their neighbours and they came heartily. I desired them to inform Warton singers as they had been fond of me. Formerly, I knew they would come if anything of their respect remained. I told them to tell the singers we would sing the Psalms in the Prayer Book, the same as sung at Warton Chapel. They came and brought their Prayer Books with them, set off their tunes, and seemed uncommonly pleased. We had a good number and I felt it easy to speak with a degree of power and liberty.
Wed. 20th This fore-noon I set off for Poulton. Got there a little before noon. Met with the same kind of treatment as on all former visits. I had good liberty. At night we had a comfortable time, for I know where they can pray. Called on same to pray after preaching, short, lively and fervent.
Thurs.21st This fore-noon I began writing this journal what I could recollect. In the afternoon I went down to Thornton Marsh, where I continued writing this journal till tea. After, a friend came, and James, him and me, had some conversation. I had prepared a text to speak from, but through conversation a passage struck my mind. I spoke from it and felt it a good time, and I think several did that were there. I warned all that had not an appetite for real religion. I stopped the society, spoke to them respecting taking their tickets, the nature of it, and how the money was used. The subject was painful to my feelings, but I got it over, and eased my mind of that burden. James Roscal and me slept together.
Frid. 22nd This forenoon several of our hearers came, and we had several times prayer, and I felt it pleasant, and something of the spirit of prayer. It rained all fore-noon. I got dinner at Breachey Crofts. Conversed with several that came. I set off this afternoon for Marton. The day cleared up and was fine and pleasant, but all the dirty roads, this seemed to excess. I was about two hours and a half in going. This time round I have been rather crossing in my walks, and had the ground to go over some of it twice. Eccleston being ……….. , threw me wrong, but I shall, I think, have a more regular round, and something in the form of an oval, and none of the ground to go over twice will be a little more agreeable.
My first plan was as follows:
First week Second Week.
Monday Marton Salwick
Tuesday Thornton Marsh Eccleston
Wednesday Preesall Poulton
Thursday Rawcliffe Thornton Marsh
Friday St. Michaels Marton
Sunday Kirkham Poulton
But Eccleston is gone out of this plan, and now Bryning has received the word, and likely to have an opening into Church-town, and I intend to go to them in the following order:
Firstweek Second week.
Monday Preesall Bryning
Tuesday Pilling Lane Little Marton
Wednesday Rawcliffe Great Marton
Thursday St. Michaels Thornton Marsh
Friday Church-town Poulton
Saturday Salwick -
Sunday Kirkham -
From Poulton to Preesall is, I think, 7 miles, and I have to cross Wyre and river; and when the tide is in, it is necessary we go over in a boat – from Preesall to Pilling Lane is about a mile. Mr Lilley thinks a mile and a half. From Pilling Lane to Rawcliffe is 5 miles. From Rawcliffe to St. Michaels or Moss-side is, I think, 5 miles.
From there to Church-town is something better than one. From there to Salwick may be about 7 or better. There I have to preach on Sattersday night and Sunday morning. From there to Kirkham is 3 miles. From there to Bryning something better than 3 miles, from there to Little Marton 6, to Great Marton about a mile, from there to Thornton Marsh may be about 7 miles, and from there to Poulton about 2 miles.
This night, some that should have been there to sing did not come time enough. I had to sing nearly myself the first time, and it struck me that I had not had a comfortable time, being rather hoarse through a little cold. After preaching, I joined 5 in class and spoke to them. There was another stayed to have his name, but he would not promise to attend constant. Therefore, I would not put down his name. I had a good night’s rest. Stayed on Saturday 23rd till afternoon, then, after prayer, I set off for Poulton, and it began to rain. I called at Thos. Holden’s, and when I talked to him to attend, he seemed to take no notice. I prayed and came away.
Sun. 24th After breakfast and prayer, we went down to Mrs. Campbells, had some conversation. We had a blessed time at prayer. I felt softened, humbled and moulded into love. I saw my weakness and wept over it. I saw the will of God and submitted, and yielded to say in my soul, Lord I will, I will.
This afternoon I preached to the place about half full of folks. I spoke plain and home at night. There were more, but the place was not full. I felt I had hold of the right end, and could wedge it at the close.
Mon. 25th I felt rather sickly and weak in body. I went towards night to Thornton Marsh. I called at Rob Haslam’s and John Wilson’s. He then began to relate something I was sorry and grieved to hear. I went down to Breached Crofts. It was time to go. I went and found a good number together. They increased, and the place was too little. I felt it easy to speak, and they were benefited from what I heard after. We had a blessed season at family prayers.
Tues. 26th This morning I felt not well. I either had a cold sweat on my forehead, or dampness in drops. John Bleasdale came to call of me. I had to go to Poulton, so I had a day to spare through the joining of the two places. Our friends at Poulton would make me go with John and buy a new coat and waistcoat, but I was not in want of them. I did not feel well today. We had a few times prayer.
Wednes. 27th I stayed till noon and got dinner before I set off. The day was extremely rough and wet. I set off when the rain abated, and went on to Wyre side, but such an altered place I never saw. The tide was higher yesterday and today than it had been for 14 or 15 years. The house at Skippool was flooded at their door. I went on till I could go no farther. Then I enquired if there were no other road. I was sent a field way, but I was soon stopped by the tide there. When I set back as hard run, but I could not get the way I came. The water was coming up to the house side. I went behind the house and got over a hedge and ditch. I went and waited at Mrs. Daggers’, where we had a comfortable talk. I stopped tea. There was a young Miss and her daughter. She behaved with great civility and kindness. I prayed, and then set off on my way. The water was lowered. I went on to the boat. The waves were high and boystrous. The boatman was bringing a man over, but the wind out-powered him and drove him back some times. He came, and again he was at a stand, but at last he cut it side way of the wind, and then he came over in an oblique direction. I got in and laid a plank for a sail, and it drove us over quickly. It rocked hard in the two streams. The sun was setting. When I got on the other side I met with a man that told me that the waters had not been as high this 15 years, and at that time an old man lived by himself in Hambleton, and slept on a ground floor, as a deal do in these parts. He awoke and was astonished. He thought he had wetted the bed. He jumped out better than knee deep in salt water. He ran out of door, and the house end fell down immediately. I had some of my way to go in the dark, but got there time enough. Some were come. I preached at Thos. Ronson’s. I went with Mr McNeal to Pilling Lane, and found them with an increase of family there. Saw wife was brought to bed of a fine girl. We had prayer as usual and retired to rest.
Thursd. 28th This morning, after prayer, they wanted me to Christen their child, but I felt I would rather make any excuse, but for some time wanted for one sufficient. Luckily I bethought there were no register, but I shall have to do this, however, against my feelings. I set off to Mr. Gaskell’s. He sent for me. I went into the field to Mr. McNeal’s sons. The ground seemed so nice. I got to Mr. Gaskell’s by dinner time. There was Betty Parker from Benton.* She had been in service at Bolton. I heard from several by her. Mr. Gaskell did not feel a burden to me. This time felt through crying to God, his master. When I talked to him about difficulties mentioned, one was the meaning of the place, and its being too near the ale house. I said, Mr. Gaskell, build one to your mind and have a nice few in it. We sang a hymn or two, and then prayed. I felt easy as if amongst poor folks. Betty Parker and their servant went with me to Rawcliffe. We overtook three or four others going, and amongst these was a person from Stomen* of the name of James Parkinson. He asked me to come to preach there. I promised I would some time instead of Preesall. We got there just as people were going, and a glorious company there was. I preached to them and read the rules of the Society, and explained to them I felt happy while I preached, and power, and the rules I felt happy whilst I explained them. As soon as I had done, one came and asked me to breakfast. I thought they had no right notions of rules. The people seemed heartier afterwards.
* N.B. (The word ‘Stomen’ is the original pronunciation of ‘Stalmine’)
Friday March 1st This morning I felt a little better of my cold. I went to breakfast to Dunderdales. I read a chapter out of the Bible, and prayed. I felt a precious time in prayer. We wept together. I returned to Lawrences, and I had a little power in prayer for this family. I set off for St. Michaels. When I got there I called at Garners. He was at home and very civil. I got some dinner there. We went up to Malyes to tea. After we had prayers, I felt some difficulty to keep my attention, there were so many children; nay, grown up children. I preached to them but the house was smokey and warm. It affected me very much. I gave out to be here next Thursday but one, and told them my subject that I should speak from, and that I would read the rules. I spoke to a man about leading the class. I prayed with them afterwards, and then went to Garners to sleep. We went calf leg deep in the dirty moss roads. All sat and talked awhile. Then prayed and went to rest.
Sat. 2nd This morning the old man went with me to show me the way to Head Nook. I got dinner there and took the cart Jean Catterall was in. She asked me to call at their house. I promised I would. When I came to walk for the boat, I got out at Salwick, and was friendly received. I had a comfortable time, and powerful. I had a good night’s rest. This morning we had a good congregation, and hearty singing. Some came at a good distance. I got dinner at Salwick and Thos. Corner Bartle and me went to Kirkham. John and Betty Tomeson was there. After preaching a few prayed. After tea we had a hearty prayer meeting, and I think Bartle got good. Tonight we had near half the place full – very attentive. I preached an alarming sermon, and some prayed. Rd. Hall was there from Bryning. He had been at Leatham*, (Lytham?) and had of his own accord given it out that I should be there, and found two places for me. I thanked him and spoke to Tomasons to send word to Little Marton that I could not be there after Richard and his son-in-law Edward Billington had gone. Kirby the butcher came in and had got too much to drink, and was very windy. He would sing and James must sing, so we sang awhile. He sang tenor and I sang bass. “Well done” cried he to me, “I could do with you for ever.” I said, “I could do with you if you would be a good lad.” He took it and we must pray. I prayed and James, and so did his wife. He said James’s wife preached well, but we must sing again, but James was as ill tired as me, but James must pray again. I happened to mention a message I had to him from Beachey Croft. He was God-father to their little girl. I must pray immediately for it, but I prayed for him most for God to give him dominion over his sins. He cried Amen like a noisy Methodist. I was long tired of him. I wished he would go home in my heart, but would not affront him as these sort take offence and come no more, and there one’s usefulness would be at an end with him. I thought, if he came under the word, attended by God’s power, might produce a change.
Mon. 4th This forenoon I was not so well; a degree of sickness attended with a slight giddiness made my walk to Bryning not so pleasant. I got to Edward Billington’s about 11 o’clock. Stayed there my dinner. Had some comfortable talk and reflection that even drew tears from my eyes. I got tea with Edward. Was this afternoon much affected with reading the account of Ridley and Lattemore’s martyrdom. This night the house was full, and very attentive. I spoke home and plain; two of them stopped and sang a tune or two, and promised to come next time to find the times, before service begins. I slept at Rd. Halls.
Tues. 5th I got breakfast at Rd’s and he went with me to Lytham, and as we were going he mentioned that Lorenso Dow had gone that way and had made a remark of the crookedness of the way, and said it resembled the Calvinists. Rd. called at several places and asked them to come. We got to Lytham. We called at a Captains. His wife came and kept us company. We called at Massor’s, had a comfortable welcome. We went to Mrs. Silcock. She met us at the door and bid us a hearty welcome, and began to prepare us a dinner. I took up a book and was astonished to find it a fine treatise on the science of fluxions. I concluded I was among sensible people. Her son, by and by, came in and behaved with kindness and civility. I asked him if he understood that book. He informed me he did, and I desired after dinner to take a walk by the water side, and look at the mussel scear as they call it. We went, James, Rd., Masson and me; the wind was very cold. Masser could not stand it, but we walked on for about an hour. When we got back one from Masser’s was there waiting for us to go to tea, but Mrs. Silcock would not let us go. We stayed and got tea at Mrs. Silcocks, then set off for Masser’s. Their house is licensed. There were two old men. One was above 80 and the other above 85. They seemed very hearty. Could remember a deal of ancient things. Chatted freely. Were both neighbours from children. Told me of a Comet that was visible a long time when they were young men. They said its tail was as long or longer than a church steeple, and one of them said its nucleus was as large as Venus to the eye. These old men had formerly heard of Methodist preachers. The people began of coming. We set forms on chairs The house was pretty full, and it’s a good size house. They behaved well. Edward Billington came from Bryning and helped to sing. I preached a palin sermon to them and felt power attend it. I felt quite at home whether at Massor’s or at Silcock’s. Massor’s wanted me to stop. They said she had fitted a bed up for me, but Mrs. Silcock would not let me stop. Then I must get some supper, but Mrs. Silcock would not let them bring it. I must have both supper and lodgings with them, so I shaked hands with them, but one of Massor’s sons that is near blind ordered them to let me see something that his father had wrote and left to him. They were some hymns, and well wrote entitled “The Fishermen’s Hymns”, for that was his employ. He is dead. I believe he was a converted man. After this we went to Mrs. Silcocks. James Silcock showed me the Dr. Isaac Newton’s system of the world, and his lectures on Optics. We sat awhile after supper looking in books. After, I read a chapter of the Bible, and prayed. Then Mrs. Went to bed, but James and me sat awhile by the fire, and then we went to bed. I slept with James.
Wed. 6th I got breakfast at the same place. Old Massor gave me a call. I read a chapter and prayed. Then I took and mapped the country I had to go from an old map there. Then I prayed, and James came along with me till I could see Marton. I went to Edmund Eccles and informed them how I had sent word and who by, and how it was given out unknown to me at Lytham. They seemed satisfied and wanted me to stop and preach to them. I said, nay, nay, let us make no more confusion, but come to Thos. Rossall’s. I went and got dinner at Thomas’s. Today has been as fine a day as I have had, but there is pitiful roads yet. I preached to a house nearly full. After, two or three stopped. Cardwell and another two all had some conversation.
Thurs. 7th This morning it seemed as if it would rain, so after breakfast reading a chapter and prayer, I set off on my journey. I called at Rev. Mr. Halls. We had some useful conversation. He told me in his mind that he had Evil suggestions, and Blasphemous thoughts darted through his mind, and asked me how he must get shut of them. I told him I once had them for the space of two years, but I cried to God. We had some conversation about Calvinistic doctrine. Both agreed. He told me when he preached the Truth the people called him a Methodist, and asked how he must deal with their prejudices. I told him how some of his sort had done before in his case. Examine the Prayer Book minutely and extract from thence all the passages into his sermons that tend to show the forgiveness of sins, and the necessity of a change and Holiness of heart. He seemed pleased, and approved of it, and swallowed it at once. He asked me about Dr. Adam Clarke, as a linguist, then about his commentary. He asked me to lend him Flecher’s Scripture Scales. Then gave me a letter to carry to Mr. Wilson, Attorney, at Poulton. I had not gone for long before it began to rain. It rained for three or four miles. I got to Thornton by twelve o’clock. When I got there I was asked to speak from these words: Acts 28. We desire to hear of what thou thinkest, for as concerning this sect, we know that everywhere it is spoken against. I laid out my subject in the afternoon as follows:
1. Concerning this sect.
2. We know that everywhere it is spoken against.
3. We desire to hear of thee, what thou thinkest.
Under the first, I described a Christian or Christians, and showed what this sect was. In the second, I enquired if there was ground for being spoken against, but found none. In the third, I told them what I thought about their being spoken against. The first subdivision was, I think, the Divel has a hand in it. In speaking from this a man interrupted me by saying they are not of the divel for you saying so. Do you think that all who are not Methodists will go to the divel. I had not mentioned Methodists, but then I insisted to know his name. He, at last, with reluctance told it was John Danson. I felt my heart warmed, and declared that they were instigated by the divel that spoke against real Christians, not only so but that Man was actuated by the divel, or he would not have interrupted this Christian assembly. All was hushed and more attentive. After, James Roscal prayed, and named the man, and prayed for him. We had some conversation afterwards, read a chapter and prayed, and retired to rest.
Frid. 8th This morning I heard that the man did not go out, but stayed till the last, and said to me he found no fault, and that he would come again. I, likewise, heard that he said that he would not have spoke if he had known that the house was licensed. I stayed after dinner, called at John Wilson’s and got tea there. Prayed with them, then came to Poulton.
Sattersday 9th I read awhile this forenoon, then took a walk. Called on Mrs. Campbell. She desired me to stop to dinner. They came for me to Tomeson’s, but Mrs. Campbell would not let me go. I stayed till nigh tea-time and had a blessed time in prayer. Mrs. Campbell came to John Tomeson’s and got tea, and stayed a good while, and we had prayer, and John Bleasdale was there.
Sund. 10th This morning, after prayer, I desired to go near Mr. Morrow, Calvinist Preacher. John and me went. We waited there sometime, then one that was in the Chapel yard came and fetched John out, and he came and he fetched me. And they desired me to preach. They said that Mr. Morrow was gone out of town. I said, his doctrines are not mine, and he’d be none pleased. He said, we are agreed, and it’s nothing to nobody else. Well, I said, we are agreed, and it’s nothing to nobody else. Well, I said, I have no other objection. I went up into the pulpit, gave out a hymn, read a lesson, prayed, sang again, and felt comfortable in preaching. Several thanked me, and amongst the rest, a fat, lusty lady asked me where I had to preach today. This afternoon I preached to the place not above half full. I suppose through Mrs. Campbell’s children having to say their catechisms at church, but at night it was full, and the short, fat lady was there, Mrs. Hook. I felt power attend it and had liberty.
Mond. 11th This forenoon I stayed at Poulton. Got dinner. This afternoon about three, I left Poulton with Lawrence Disley. The boat was coming over to meet us. I gave my bundle to Lawrence till I should call there. I went on to Preesall to Mr. Preston’s. Got some coffee, but was extremely sick. I drank of some whey, and when we were going to preach I threw up and felt easier. The house was filled full. I have not seen it so before, and they were attentive and well behaved. There was James Parkinson, wanted me to give it out to preach at his house in Stomen. I told him it would be dark moon next time, and perhaps would not be so well. I gave it out to be there next month. I went with Mr. Preston and slept there. Was comfortable.
Tues. 12th This forenoon I had a parlour to myself, and fire. I met with civil, homely, treatment. This afternoon I went to Pilling Lane, and Mr. McNeal and me went to the sea-side. There were a number of men making up the sea fence. He asked them to come to preaching. We returned and found Captain Aleston’s wife, and his brother’s wife Esqr. Aleston’s. They stopped tea and conversed freely. The Esquire’s wife is sister to the Rev. George Holden, compiler or calculator of the Liverpool Tide Table. They stopped preaching and thanked me for the discourse. They stayed supper and said they would come again. We sat awhile after. Then prayed as before and went to rest.
Wed. 13th This morning was very fine. After prayer and breakfast we went to Sand-side, to the cockle skear. Got a basket of cockles. We were getting till the tide came up to us, and it came as fast as we could walk for a while, for the sands were level. I stayed and got dinner, then we had a prayer meeting. I went, and Mr. McNeal took me on my way. I went up Preesall Mill Hill, and a new vessel was going out of Lancaster. A great size, above 500 tons burden, just touched 42 yards long; and there were 14 or 15 other small ships, brigs and sloops all in view, a very beautiful sight. This hill is one of the finest prospects I ever have seen. I went on to Mr. Gaskell’s and got tea, but my time was gone, I could not stop. I went on to Rawcliffe. They were beginning to come. The house got filled, and very attentive, and they sang heartier than before. I was asked to breakfast, as before.
Thurs. 14th This morning, after prayer, I read a Psalm and prayed and wept. Then I went to Lawrences and prayed, and set off about 11 o’clock. It was very fine. Had a comfortable walk. Got to Garners about half past twelve. Got dinner there. Then I went up to Maleys; Garner’s wife went with me. I got tea there. The old man made a large stool to stand on of moss wood. Garner’s wife informed me that her husband was surly, and had not spoken to the family for more than a week, and that he had informed his youngest daughter that I must not sleep there that night. So Maleys fitted up a bed. The place was full this night. I read our rules of society. Edward Threlfall was there. Garner came and heard me preach, but would not go without me. I went with him. He was free and well behaved to me. I prayed and then retired to rest.
Fri. 15th I had promised some folks to go to breakfast, and asked Garners to come, and we would have a prayer meeting; four of them came. Edward Threlfall came and as he was coming in at the door he rubbed his feet hard to clean them. They said, you may come in without so much ado, we are none so clean. “I know,” said Edward, “that you are dirty folks, and thought you needed no more.” We had a prayer meeting, then set off for Church-town. Called at a house. Edward, the last night, had fallen into a moss ditch and changed his things here. We prayed, then went on to Church-town. Called where I had to preach. I prayed, and then we went to Edward’s brother and got some dinner. Then we went to see a sick man. Talked and prayed, then set off for Preston. I called at William Preston’s. We sang awhile, got tea and prayed. Then I came to Preston, got there just at night. I went home, then to Mr. Jackson’s. Mr. Ault was in. He went with me to Mr. Jacksons and to Mr. Arkwrites. Mr. and Mrs. Crane were there. I gave them an account of my missions. I slept with Mr. Ault.
Sat. 16th I got breakfast with my father, and dined with my sister. This afternoon I went to the Romish Priest to inform him of a woman that lay sick and starving to death. He gave me a shilling for her, and got there before I did. I went down to Walton to see John Ward. Got tea there. This night I slept with my father.
Sun. 17th I went to prayer meeting. I was asked to breakfast by Mary Hopwood. I went. Read two chapters and prayed. Then set off for Kirkham, and got there by one o’clock. The pulpit was put up, but not the stairs. This place was neglected last Sunday from Preston. There were but few. This afternoon I went to pray with a sick woman and felt it good. At night there were but few excepting some unruly boys, but I feel glad to see the same faces and prayed earnestly then. There was one woman came to the house and desired a hymn to be sung, and prayer. We did, and Kirby the butcher came. Had got his leg hurt. Said he had been in bed most of the day on it.
Mon. 18th This morning, James got up about 3 o’clock. I did not sleep much. I got up, We had a prayer, then I went to see the sick man.¹ Then I went off for Bryning. Got dinner at Rd. Halls. I felt very dull this afternoon, and rather uncomfortable from leaving my friends at Preston. I feel I want wearing. Tonight the house was full, but the singers did not come as before. We began, and I had to sing a deal of it myself. When I had done preaching, one on top of stairs, wakened out of sleep, and said, “Allow what’s to do now.” In a dream - it made several laugh. I got supper at Edward Billington’s. There came in a young man, and began to talk about his labour in the marl-pit. He said he had been spared on Sunday night, and now and then swore a pretty oath. I said if I was him I durst not go into a marl-pit. “Why?” Cried he. “Because you say you brought your spade on Sunday, not only so, but because
you swear.” He made light of these two things. He said a marl pit might fall on a good man. Yes, I said, but there is a strange difference betwixt falling on a good man and a wicked man. What difference it could be but killed them both. I said, Oh, yes, there is a difference, for if a good man be killed in a marl pit, he would leave his trial and hard labour for a heaven of rest in a minute, but the wicked man would go from the marl pit to be tossed in the fiery waves of hell. He seemed struck, and was hushed.
Tuesday 19th I heard that man I spoke to last night took it very well, and said he could do with my company always. It was he, I heard, that had been asleep, and screamed out. Rd. Hall took me on my way. He said, “If I had this world’s wealth I would go with you, as another had done in another place.” I said, “The foxes have holes and the birds of the air have nests, but I’m like my master. I’ve nowhere to claim to lay my head.” I went on to Lytham and found my hostess and friend James had gone to the funeral of her son John Silcock of North Meols. He was found dead in his bed although he went well to it. I was comfortably received at Mercers. Mrs. Hardy was at Lytham and had been to see for me. I saw her on the beach with her children. This night we had more than before. We was thronged. They offered to sing. I preached and felt happy while delivering the word of life. They prepared me a comfortable bed. Had a good nights’ rest.
Wed. 20th This forenoon, after breakfast and prayer, I read the little boy a lesson. Then two of the young women and boy and John Mercer and me went to Lytham Church as it was the general prayer day for the Kingdom. He spoke well about religion. His subject was “Fear God. Honour the King.” I stopped for dinner. Then John came on my way a little. It was very wet. I had six miles to go in the rain. I have not been so wet since before I came. I called at Peel School and dried me a little. Then went on to Edward Eccles’s, but few attended.
Thurs.21st I feel a little uncomfortable this morning with the whining of a mar’d old woman. I feel I want the grace of patience. I think if I was to be where there is such an old woman as this, I think I should be damned for want of patience. Lord save me. I read a chapter out of Ecclesiastics that said something to the point. I prayed and came away. She did not behave unkind to me. I got to Poulton about 11 o’clock. I stayed dinner, then set off for Thornton, and got there by 4 o’clock. We had a comfortable time at prayers. At night the place was full and very attentive. John Danson was there. There seemed a shaking amongst the dry bones. I spoke as it was in the days of …………….. &c. Breache, as he was going, overtook several men, and one said “This fellow speaks damned good sense.” We had a comfortable time at prayer this night.
Friday 22nd Had a good night’s rest last night. Had some conversation with Mr. Thornborow. Got tea at John Wilson’s. Went at night to Poulton.
Saturday 23rd Stayed till afternoon, then went to Ellen Farr’s and got tea, and prayed. Then called at Mrs. Gambles, prayed. Then went to John Tomblisons and had a good night’s rest.
Sunday 24th This morning I went to hear Mr. Morrow, Calvinist Minister. He had it pretty correct and fine, but nothing to awaken. In the afternoon I preached to few, but had a good time. At night the place was full, and some fine ones were there. I did not feel comfortable as in the afternoon.
Monday 25th I had this forenoon at Poulton, nr. Preston. Mr. Preston came and asked me to wait on him. He came and we went Over Wyre on to Preesall. I went to Mr. Taylor’s garden, Took a walk through with Mr. Preston, then went to Thomas Roson. The house was full and had a blessed time. I went to sleep at Prestons.
Tuesday 26th After prayer I went to Pilling Lane. This forenoon I went to Sand Side and got some cockles. Tide came in again quicker than before. We had to run a little now and then. In the afternoon several came from Pilling. Stopped tea. I read some letters from the magazine. At night the house was full half an hour before time, and so full it was nigh suffocating. I had a blessed time, but my clothes were wet with sweat till my westcot and stockings and all.
Wed. 27th After prayer and breakfast and prayer again, I set off for Mr. Gaskell’s. Got there by 11 o’clock. Had a deal of conversation, and told him I would put his name out of the Class paper if he did not begin to attend. He said his heart would be still with them if it was put out. I said, if his heart was with them, his body would. I likewise said he gave no reason sufficient to satisfy neither me nor others. I went with him to Wyre Side in the afternoon. We returned, had tea, then sang and prayed. Then I came on to Rawcliffe. Got there about 6 o’clock. The house was fuller than ever, and has been more every time. It was throng-beyong far beyond whatever I expected, and seriously attentive.
¹ There came Jane Shakeshaft by; they asked her to come in. She had been a Methodist about 7 years since, and a lively one. She, I believe, enjoyed real religion then. She came in. I said, “How do you do, Jane.” She seemed thunderstruck. I said, “You once was alive to God, How is it now?” She said “I am very wicked. I never read or pray. I have got a deal of wicked companions. I go to the ale house and swear, and dance.” I talked to her: she seemed petrified to the floor. I begged her to come and hear a sermon next time I came. She said she would. She said she felt miserable. I said it was a sign God had not given her up; but these companions was her chain. I said, talk to them about their souls and ……………. .
You bought your spade on Sunday, not only so, but because you swear.” He made light of these two things. He said, “A marl-pit might fall on a good man.” “Yes,” I said, “but there is a strange difference betwixt falling on a good man and a wicked man.” “What difference, it could kill them both.” I said, “Oh, Yes, there is a difference, for if a good man be killed in a marl-pit, he won’t leave his trial and hard labour for a heaven of rest in a minute, but the wicked man would go from the marl-pit to be tossed in the fiery waves of hell.” He seemed struck, and was hushed.
Thursday 28th This morning there came a woman to be prayed with, in distress. I prayed with her
and she seemed much affected, and invited me to dinner, but she came this forenoon to inform us that her husband would not allow it and was nigh to crying. I bid her look to God and cry for his mercy, and she
would be made happy. I got dinner at Lawrence’s, and then set off for St. Michaels. I got there about 4
o’clock and got tea with Garners. Then went to Moss-side. This night a good number came, and I felt a
blessed time. There came a man and shook hands with me. Then he went out, but returned and shook
hands again, and had a piece of money in his hand, and put it into mine. I had much ado to leave it in his
hand, but when he felt he could not put it into mine, he went to the door and beckoned on me, but I did
not go. I went to sleep at Garners. He was in a nice way, and talked about his soul, and was very kind.
I had a good night’s rest, then went to Breakfast to Moss-side, and Garners went with me. We had a
prayer meeting. Garner prayed. This forenoon I went to see John Maly getting up a large moss tree 17
yards long and a yard in. It opened to me that this have been in the ground ever since the flood, and this
moss is the wreck of the Old World. There seems’ as if it was composed of grass, a great part of it Cat
Tail Grass, ling or heath, and all kind of floating material. I was informed of there being a man or two
being found was entire, tumbled out whole, but soon after bones and all turned to dust, excepting a kind
of shoe that he had on, the upper leather and sole was one piece, with one kept at St. Michaels this day.
I got dinner at Garners, and tea, then set off for Church-town. John Mally went with me. I preached to
very nigh a large house full. I slept at one of their sons over the way from there.
Sat. 30th This morning it was very misty. After breakfast and prayer, I set off for Salwick. Edward Threlfall went with me. At the Lodge there was a Reaby or Calvinist. Had a great deal to say about dying in vain, shedding his blood in vain, and about God beginning a good work, and when he did he would carry it on, and would not fail. Yea, I said, he began a good work, bringing the children of Israel out of Egypt, and promised to bring them into a good land, a land flowing with milk and honey, but he never took them there. He let their carcasses fall in the wilderness. He could not answer to this so I came away. Wee called at a house and prayed, and went a little farther, and Edward saw a woman in an orchard. How do you do and family. She said her daughter was sick. He asked her if we must pray. She made excuse but said he might give her sixpence. That would do her some good. We went on to Mr. Threlfalls’ and got dinner there. Then I prayed and came on to John Watson’s, and they entreated me to stop till night time, and they would go with me. I stayed, and at seven or eight went. I got there about 15 minutes before time, and felt comfortable.
Sun. 31st This morning, after breakfast and prayer, I went to the orchard to think on a subject for them.
I felt happy while there. Power came into my heart and a fresh subject. This morning, I don’t know that
I ever felt happier than while I delivered it. There were a deal there from Plumpton. I got dinner at
Bartels. Steamed one of the lad’s eyes, then set off for Kirkham. Several went with us. Bartel, his father
and wife, Thos. Corner.
We got there a little before time. We went, and there came Songellon and Porter, two misticks. They like as if they brought bondage in to the place. They had been Methodists. I levelled a deal of my discourse at them, and could see I squeezed them by their sighing, but Bartle clinched it when he prayed, by mentioning a passage of scripture that at once proved them to be anti-Christ’s. They came while we were at tea. They said we hope no offence, and began to tell what this errand was. They said that they saw by my discourse they were wrong, and they came for instructions, and begged that we would come to their meeting after ours. I said the Bible is our standard. I followed its directions, and if they wanted any instructions they might find them there. Then they began about the Trinity. They believed in the Father, Son and Holy Ghost she said, and then contradicted it again. Then they said that there was no distinct persons. I mentioned Christ’s baptism, but they tumbled this a wide. They believed that X was all and X was the Trinity. Well, I said, X and the Father was distinct on the Cross, for he cried, ‘My God. Why hast thou forsaken me.’ This they could not explain. Nor would I let them run off this. Then, instead of Christ being the Trinity, he now was but a man, but I brought them back to X being the Trinity, and if so, God died. If not, they were distinct persons. They could not explain it, no not in their way. They then began to show the Old Man without shame. They said none could break God’s commands. Getting drunk was not, buying and selling on a Sabbath was not. Taking the name of God in vain was not. I told them they were going to Hell. She said there was more. They asked me if I believed the whole Bible was not spiritual in its meaning. I said I did not. I believe some is historical facts. They pitied my ignorance. I said, what was the Books of Kings and Chronicles. The chief part of these are but historical facts. They said, was that all their use. No, said I, they are to show us that when a person or a nation forsook God, God could bring evil on them, and I have found God blessing my soul very often when I have read these with an increase of confidence. Oh, I was a poor, ignorant creature. I asked them if they felt happy or confident in God. They said, ten times more than I felt. I said, you’re very wise to know how happy I feel, but horror appears in the countenances of one of them, and where that is depicted, there is no happiness in their breast. They appear to me to be like Nelson’s happy sinners, or a degree deeper tinged. I told them that they were on their broad way to destruction. They seemed vexed, and began to reprove me. I said, I have not come to you; you came to me. If you don’t like it, go about your business. I did not send for you. I spend my Sundays different to this. You are an offence to me. But they would not go. Tonight the place had more than I’ve seen since I have come to there. I counted somewhere nigh 70. A deal of boys about 15 or 16 years of age. They behaved well. I talked till some of the cried. There might be 30 or 40 of them – apprentices to A. Berlow. They are from the Foundling Hospital, London. When Bartel and Thos. Corner prayed, they all said Amen with seriousness, as if trained to it, and I dare say they have when I’ve prayed. For them I burst into tears, I had such a feeling for them. There was some of them, so very attentive they stood looking at me as if to catch and swallow all I said. I slept at James’s.
Mond. April 1st After breakfast and prayer, I went to see a sick man. Talked and prayed with him, then set off for Bryning. I got there about 11 o’clock. Got dinner at Edward Billingtons. Went to Rd. Hall. We had some conversation. At night the house was filled, and very well they behaved. I slept at Rd. Halls.
Tues. 2nd I stopped at Bryning till noon. I had some things washed. Then Rd. came along with me part of the way. I then set forward, and when I got about half a mile by the farmhouse, there came two dogs. A large Mastiff and a sandy cur. I thought they were set on by somebody. They came like hunting dogs. When they began to howl, I just could hear them, but in a minute or two they were with me, their bristles stood up from their head to their tail. I stood still, and they stood about 3 yards off me. They might stand roaring about 3 minutes. I then whistled a tune, a nice air. They gave over barking, dropped their bristles, and I went on, and they went off. I was not within call or sight of anybody. I got to Lytham about 3 o’clock. We this night had a house full and the Parish Clerk came, it was stuffed and a many at the door that could not get in. I made a wonder that the Clerk should come, and they told me that a Clerk once before came and the Parson threatened to turn him out, and a person mentioned to the Esquire which is a Papist, and he said might go where he would for he had paid him. This same Esquire was once in York and sallied forth as on a cruise to see religions in company with another like himself, they got into a Quaker Meeting House, where they was sat in silence. But he said it would not do for them to stay there. There being nothing said, so out they went, and went on till they heard somebody sing. He said, stop, there is something to do here so they went in. It was a house, and an old man stood by the clock giving out a hymn. He said he prayed very well, then he sang another hymn. Then he took a text and, upon my word, he talked very well and sensibly. Edward Billington sang, “Love Devine, all Loves Excelling,” in an American tune, and betwixt every verse turn to the Lord and seek salvation. The people was pleased with it. We sat awhile after and had some talk, then I went to rest.
Wed. 3rd This morning there came a woman to ask me to go to talk with her husband. He was so craned, as she called it, ill-tempered, was old and sick. I promised I would after breakfast and prayer. We took a walk by the water side. After, I wrote awhile until dinner. Then Mercer went with me to see that old man. I spoke to him and prayed with him. Then met with Thos. Rossall’s wife and her sister, and got tea. I prayed and went on to Marton. Several came to gather, and I had a comfortable time. Felt easy and happy, and in my element to preach. Edward Threlfall was there. We slept together.
Thursd. 4th I came away this morning after breakfast and prayer. Went on to my cousin’s call and prayed. Invited Thos. to come at night. I went to Poulton, got dinner, then went. Called at Jo. Wilson’s. Prayed and set on my way to Thornton Marsh. When I got there they told me that John Danson had told one that that night to join in our preaching. He could not rest in bed, but got up and read where I preached from, and that he now liked very well. Edward Threlfall came near at night, and when 4 or 5 of us were there he said will you let me preach if you please. I said it will not do, but they said that was in the house let him preach. They seemed vexed when I refused it, and said it will not do. The people seems vexed, so when I would not let him, he must speak after, but, I did not consent to that at the first, but I saw it would not do to gain the prejudice of the people. We went; the place was full, and back place, and a number at the door that could not get in. I preached to them, then Edward spoke a while, and began to ramble. I said, “Be short;” they seemed to have had enough. I stopped the society and gave them tickets. One, John Porter, he would not have one, and flew up and said because he was a poor man, he was no notice took on, and all hated him. I said, “John, you have heard what I have been preaching about the Love of God, and it Thinketh no Evil, is not easily provoked, doth not behave unseemly. I said, it is a mark that this love is at a low ebb in your soul, but, I said, none was admitted …………. to meet in class that refused to take a ticket; and I said the rules shall be attended to, so I read it him again, and he took it. This man is very forward to pray in public, and cannot speak a dozen words together that I can understand, for he speaks words with no meaning, and some worse, contrary to what they are used. And all of them have put him forward to pray, and seemed fond of him praying, and when he is talking words without meaning, or contrary to the meaning, some of them cry, “Lord, thou knowest what he means.” I advised them not to put him forward in public, but let him pray in your private meetings, that is, if it is profitable to you. I joined three fresh ones here in class.
Friday 5th I stayed till noo and asked me to go to their house and pray with them. I did, then came to Poulton. At night we had a prayer meeting at Mrs. Campbells.
Sat. 6th This day I was at Poulton. Got dinner with Mrs. Campbell. In the afternoon we sang awhile, and I played the bass violl.
Sund. 7th This morning I went to hear Mr. Morrow preach. In the afternoon I had a good time, but there was not many. I gave tickets and joined one at night. There were more, and I felt very happy while I spoke to them. After, 4 or 5 young Misses came and wanted to sing some tunes, and begged me to play the bass, so we did for more than an hour. Then it was late and they were setting off home, said when we sing we pray after, so I prayed.
Mon. 8th This morn Edward Threlfall came. We had some talk. I advised him not to attempt to preach. I stayed at Poulton till afternoon, then set on my way. Called at Mrs. Daggers. Prayed, then went Over Wyre on to Mr. Gaskells, Mr. Preston and McNeal came. We went to James Parkinsons, and a great number was there. I think not fewer than a hundred. Mr. Gaskell was there and his wife and some people of distinction. James’s landlord and family was there. His name is Henry Pook. He ordered James to take planks for forms. All behaved well. I went with Mr. Gaskell and lodged there.
Tuesday 9th This morning, after breakfast and prayer, I set on my way. Called on James as I went by and prayed. He brought me on my way to Preesall, and I got n, then called on John Wilson’s and got tea there. James Holden was there, to Mr. McNeals at 11 o’clock. We went to Sand side and got a bucket of cockles. Came back, retired upstairs, thought on my subject. House was full. Spoke on the love of God. Stopped society, gave tickets. We had a good time, and they spoke in experience.
Wednesday 10th We had prayer then breakfast, then prayed, and Mr. McNeal came along with me to Mr. Gaskells. I gave him his ticket and his wife hers. They have been at their class: if they had not I would not have given them their ticket. I set off after prayer to Rawcliffe. Got there at about 4 o’clock. We had a good company, and an attentive one. I wept while I spoke to them. I was asked to preach for Dunderdales.
Thursd. 11th We had a comfortable time at prayer. I feel this morning I have got a cold. I am not well by a deal. I stayed dinner at Lawrences, then set off on my way to Moss-side. I went through the fields. I called at Coans. She showed me the way. I was about 2 hours in going there. When I got there I heard several were going on badly. This made me uncomfortable and drew tears from my eyes. I spoke tonight from Christ’s sufferings in the Garden. I slept at Garners.
Friday 12th This day is Good Friday. This morning we prayed. Then I set off to Church. Heard Mr. Hornby. He spoke very well. I stayed sacrament. This day it was very cold, but I felt a little better than before of my cold. I think it was through. Taking no food today till betwixt two or three in the afternoon. I felt today rather unhappy on account of the ill sickness. I have here nothing but back-biting, and Evil speaking. I felt a sort of resolve. If there were not different conduct there I would not come long tho’ disagreeable and unfits me for my duty. I took some food at a fresh place today betwixt 2 and 3 this afternoon. We had some conversation and prayer. Then the man of the house went with me. I conversed with him about family devotions, and while I speak, my heart burned within. I saw family devotions – beautiful, and described them as such, and I believe the man did too. I think he will practice them. We got to Church-town. I spoke to them about the sufferings of Christ, and felt power in pointing souls to him as a priest, and himself the Lamb, for no Lamb could be found to atone like him. I prayed with the family, then went to where I had to lodge, and prayed there. Went to rest.
Sat. 13th This morning the people showed me some writing, and not a little of one that was dead, for beauty of writing it excelled, and for knowledge in scripture he excelled, and likewise for good sense and being well pleased. I was pleased therewith. I set off for Salwick. Called at Cattrells the saddlers, and waited for the packet boat. Got some dinner here. Met with Henry Garner in the packet. Sent word by him to Mr. Ault to know whether he was coming or no the next fortnight. Got to Salwick about 3 o’clock. This night there were but a few to hear. I spoke from ‘behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world’. I spoke to Bartle to lead Bryning class. He accepted the offer.
Sun. 14th This morning we had a good company. I spoke from ‘now is Christ risen from the dead &c.’ I got dinner at Bartles, then went to Kirkham. We had a very few this afternoon. At night there were some more. I joined 7 in class.
Mon.15th I went to see a sick man and prayed with him. I then went to him that is fitting up chapel. He promised to do different. I went to Bryning. We had a deal tonight, and some Roman Catholics were there.
Tues. 16th This morning I set off to Lytham and got there about noon. I was informed how Lyster, the Church Minister, had come raging the day before, demanded to know my name and them that came there. One of the family and her husband was there. He demanded to see the licence, said it would not do as long as the house stood. He said he would write to the Bishop. I see the Divel is stirring. May God choose me and give me courage. We had a house full; they behaved well.
Wed. 17th I stayed till noon and Thos. Mercer came along with me above 2 miles. When I got to Marton, the Rev. Mr. Hall was there waiting of me, and had been three hours. He sat till very nigh preaching time with me, and said he would like to have stayed, but durst not. I said I did not wish to get him ill thought on. We parted comfortable, he desiring me to give him a call when I came that way, and never to miss. There was a good company, and we had good singing, and I felt it easy to speak. Nancy Greenwood was there.
Thurs. 18th This morning Mr. Morrow came and called on me to bear him company to Poulton. I asked him to pray, but he refused, so I prayed, and we came on together to Poulton. We had some comfortable conversation. He asked me to give him a call at his house. I called at John Tomeson’s, left my bundle, and went on to Thornton, and got there by dinner. After, we had prayer, and John Charnley came. I began to speak to him about making such a noise. I saw it took very much hold of him, for he went away sad and sorrowful. We had a blessed time. I preached a continuation of the same subject as last time, and had a blessed time more than ever, and after some had prayed I stopped the society and spoke to them about loving one another, and bending to one another, and praying for the prosperity of Sion, and desiring them to let their light shine before men. A few prayed, and there seemed a oneness of soul.
Frid. 19th This morning, John Charnley came. We had some more conversation. He told me he had been harished ¹ very much with what I had said. Do you think what I said was right, said I. He said he did. Well, John, said I, the divel has a hand in it. There may be two or three divels come from hell, and agreed in it. Go you to such a one. I’ll go to Charnley, let us take scripture with us. They will believe it. I’ll say to Charnley, cry aloud and fear not. You must say to the others he’s not in the earthquake, but in the still small voice commune with thine heart, and be still. I’ll make Charnley believe he’s right, and you must the other, and we shall have them as Ears to gather this way, and thus the divel gets his ends. Charnley smiled and said you are right I believe. This forenoon, we had three times prayer. There, Carnal Beckow’s sister came to see tem. I talked to her about her soul. She asked me to come to see them with Beckow. I called at James Holden’s and prayed. Then came to John Wilson’s. After I went to Mrs. Campbell’s Prayer Meeting. There was Hellen Fair there, and a man from Church-town. They begged I would come to their house on the day following. I told them I had promised them to go to Mrs. Daggers, so Betty promised to get them word.
¹ of the nature of a hare: mad.
Satt.20th This forenoon I stayed at Poulton, but in the afternoon I went to Hellen Fair, and that man and me had a good deal of conversation. I stayed tea, and then he came along with me to Poulton. At night John Bleasdale came and mended my clothes.
Sund. 21st This forenoon I did not go out. I was very poorly in health. At noon it thundered and lightened. At a half past two in the afternoon, I preached and felt comfortable. Yea, I did, although very weak. At night I did not feel happy in delivering the word of life.
Mon. 22nd I felt very poorly and heavy. John Tomeson took me on his horse to Wyre-side. When I got out of the boat, there was a man with one arm getting in. The boatman said, you had better turn back, you’ll be fighting before you come back. I spoke to him and warned him against drinking and fighting. He took it very well. I had not got far before I saw it would thunder and rain. I made all the haste possible for to get to a house. Before I got to two on the other side the pool, but before I got there it began a shower. I went in and asked if I might stop while the shower was over. When I got sat down my heart beated so I could scarce get my breath. I thought I should faint. I sat and talked with them. Then Mr. Gaskell came to light his pipe. I went to the door. It cleared from rain. He asked me to call at his house. I said I would, for I saw it was very black. I made what haste I could, but it began to thunder, lighten, and rain. I got to Mrs. Gaskell’s, but the doors was locked. I got into a stable and waited about half an hour, sheltered there. Then some men came with some young horses. I then got into the barn, and waited about an hour and a half, till I had but about as much time as I could get in time. I set off, and it showered down terrible, and thundered. I was ready to be smothered with water. The road was a clay road and full of holes, and now got full of water. I went on to James Parkinson’s. I got some tea. James and his son went with me. I got there in time. There were but a few at first. Then there was a decent congregation. Some men were going by on horses. They stopped on horseback for a while and then got off and held the bridles in their hand. I was showing what it was to follow Christ. One said, “That’s right, I know.” I felt good liberty. I went to Preston’s, and how it did but lighten as we went, and in the night it thundered again. I was glad to find some good done. Mr. Preston has broken through his form of prayer., and prays Extempore, and James Parkinson has got his soul set at liberty. He has been rooting on for more than 3 years, and now God has blessed him. Captain Aleson gave me two shillings. He said for his quarterage ¹, and his wife.
Tuesd. 23rd Mr. Preston went with me to Captain Alesons. I went to speak to him, to meet in class, but he made excuse he was very free. He has been a ……….. Captain. He said once there came one of the negroes to him, to sell some gold. He said he thought it was not real gold. He had it cut and it had lead in it. He ordered them about him to take and seize him, and lay him in irons. They did so, and a council was formed in the town, and his relations came to see the ………….. I asked him if he had paid. Then he said, no, but the decision of this council was this prisoner must find one ………… slave man or woman, one bullock, one fat sheep, and two ounces of gold. I said, “Did you take it he said yes?” He showed us his sea-charts …………. ……………&c. We heard a little boy say a lesson that could but run out and just speak. He is a miracle to behold. We prayed, and came away. I went to Mr. McNeal’s; got dinner there. I took a walk to the shore, and stood till 5 o’clock. This night we thought there would but be a few, but a great number came. The Esquire’s Lady was there. I stopped the society and gave liberty for any that was serious to stop. The Esquire’s wife stopped and several beside the society. I begged of them that felt anything of the love of God to be active in inviting their neighbour, and set their faces as flints, and spoke a word to them. They had conversed with when the opportunity served, and not to be discouraged when they did not see immediate effects, but persevere: and to let their own lights shine before men, and to love one another, and watch over one another for good, and to pray for the prosperity of Sion, and in particular for the Circuit, and every night when I am engaged. And not forget the assembling themselves together. We had a blessed time. I spoke to one that had her name in the paper, but has not met long before I came. I told I had her name to put right, but I told her I would not till I had seen her. I said, don’t let me have to put it out. She said, give me till next time to consider of it. I spoke very feelingly for her.
Wed. 24th Mr. McNeal asked me to go with him to Pilling. We went, and got back by 11 0’clock. We got dinner, and then Mrs. McNeal went to bathe in the sea. It was very agreeable. I set off to Mr. Gaskell’s. He had been ill, put out of the way. He thought that I took fret because of being locked out of door. The girls had been frightened with the thunder and lightening, and had locked doors and gone to bed. Mr. Hoskinson was there. Mr. Gaskell told me that Mr. Butcher, Church Minister at the chapel at Hambleton had been to see him. Gaskell had heard that there was fighting at an Inn there, and the person was amongst them, and encouraged them to fight on the Sunday night although they intended putting it off because of the Sabbath, yet, he said smite him now. Mr. Gaskell asked the parson if it was as he said it was, and related this story. I stopped tea and set off to Rawcliffe. We had a good number to hear. Lawrence told me how he had hard work to manage them into a class. In preaching this time, I felt an uncommon liberty. Particularly I saw so clear the way of Salvation, and the inconsistency of the reprobate decree. I hesitate not to see that it was a doctrine of Devils, and came from Hell. And those that were propagating these things were doing the devil’s jobs, running the devil’s errands. I see the Calvinists come for no good. I was afterwards invited to dine at a Calvinist house. Lawrence said if I went I should be in a warmish shop.
Thurs. 25th I stayed at Lawrence’s till noon, then went to that house to dine, but one word of the kind was not spoke while I was there. I prayed with them, then came away and set off from Rawcliffe for Moss-side, and was tired, very ill before I got there. When I went up to preach I was ill-tried with the people’s conduct before I began, but there was a decent congregation, and I warned them truly and sincerely.
Frid. 26th I stayed at Moss-side till afternoon, and then went to Church-town. We had a large company, and as I was speaking I saw a man much affected. He by and by kneeled down while I was talking. I felt power and liberty.
Sat. 27th Edward Threlfall was waiting when I got to Rd. Dickinson’s. I got breakfast. Then we prayed, and we went on. We called at John Cattrell’s. Sat an hour or more. We then set on to Plumpton. We got dinner at Mr. Threlfall’s. I went and got tea at John Wattson’s. I then set forward to Salwick. We had but a few and I felt dull.
Sun. 28th This morning I went half way with Bartle, to Kirkham. He was going to lead the class. I returned, had a good time in speaking of Robert Disley, and Bartle’s wife and little girl went with me. There were but 2 there besides what went with me. Few as there were I had a good time. At night there were more, Bartle told me.
Mon. 29th I went to Bryning. It rained and thundered. I got a little wet. I felt better today than I have done for a good while. For above a fortnight I have been sick every day, and loathed my food. We had a good company there tonight, but some of them was unlucky and hid some of their hate. I had some washed here.
Tues. 30th This morning I set off to Lytham. I called at Carr-side to tell them if she let their dogs come after me again, they would be fined. When I got to Lytham I was informed one of their daughters was dead. They related the circumstances and cried, and while I prayed all cried. Alice and me took a walk. She was poorly. We walked 2 or 3 miles this afternoon to the cockle shore. Thos. Was making nets. They tell me the parson was quieter than he was, and had been to give one of them sacrament, and had not spoken about it. There was a great number tonight to hear. Edward Threlfall came while I was there. I said I did not know what he was come for, except God has sent him for to part with his hymn book here, as we had none. I said I believed that was the thing that he was come for.
Wed. 31st I set off to Poulton as I was sent for to meet with Mr. Ault at Preston. On Thursday it began to be very wet. I got to Poulton and made preparations for my journey. I had John Tomeson’s horse and went to Marton. There was a good number to hear.
Thurs. May 1st I set off for Kirkham and got there about 10 o’clock. I waited two hours of Mr. Ault but he did not come. I then set forward to Salwick, and I found that he would not have had word proper, for Bartle had promised to get him word to meet me at Kirkham at ten o’clock, but instead of going to Preston he went to Plumpton, to John Watson’s, to inform Mr. Jackson, but he could get to Preston in time. I left the horse at Salwick for fear left Mr. Ault had gone some other way with this word, that they must send it to Poulton. If neither Mr. Ault or me came in good time on Sattersday, I took packet and went to Preston. Found that Mr. Ault must not go although had intended it. All forenoon I felt a little uneasy about this. I went to my fathers, then to Mr. Nicksons. Mr. Ault had been agreeing with Mr. Dagger to go with them. Miss Dagger went with me to the prayer meeting.
Friday 3rd I went and got dinner with my sister. Then met Mr. Taylor. He told me the Philosophical Society had got their Diploma and Seal, and would send me my invitation, &c. He asked me to go look at his telescope. I went, and a good land telescope it is. I called again at Mr. Nickson’s and sat awhile with them. I called at Mr. Arkwrites and at Mary Wards and Alice Sumners. They asked me to breakfast.
Sat. 4th I called at Mr. Arkwrites, then went to breakfast at Mary Wards, and Alice Sumner prayed and went to the packet. When I had got to Salwick at 10 o’clock, they had sent the horse back to Poulton. That morning I had to walk all the way. I can’t have rode from Preston with Mr. Dagger. I got to Poulton about 2 o’clock. Was tired with having a large bundle.
Sun. 5th This morning I went and preached over Marsh. I went in John’s shandry. It was wet. I preached in the afternoon at Poulton, and at night James McNeal was there and slept with me.
Mond. 6th I stayed at Poulton till noon. I went to Mrs. Campbells. She has been poorly but is getting better. I set off about two o’clock, stopped tea at Mrs. Daggers, then went on to Mrs. Gaskells, and they went with me to James Parkinsons, and such a house full I never saw. Back place, front, and upstairs was full. I had a good time. After, I went with McNeal to Pilling Lane. It began, and was a rough night, the wind was high and the rain beat on us.
Tuesd. 7th This day I was at McNeals, and in the afternoon I took a walk by Sand-side. Tonight was rather stormy, and we did not expect so many, but I think there was more. I spoke from the words “Escape for thy life, look not behind thee, tarry not in all the plain. Escape to the Mountain lest thou be consumed.” When I had done, a young woman came to me that was a back-slider (better than half a year, I had spoke to her the time before, and told her that her name was not put out, but I should have it to put out, and begged her not to let me have that painful task. For, I said, it is awful work putting names out, and talked to her affectionately). However, this time she came very much affected, and said don’t put my name out, for I will come again.
Wed. 8th This morning I set of to Mr. Gaskells. Got there a little before noon. Stopped tea. Then came to Rawcliffe. It was very wet. There were not so many as before. I spoke from “How long wilt ye believe two opinions if the Lord be God follow him.” When I had done a woman put sixpence in my hand and ran away. Dunderdale asked me to come to dinner.
Thurs. 9th Wrote a letter to Mr. Jackson, informing him of the state of the Circuit, and the different places. I named them as follows:
Week 1. Week 2.
Sunday: Poulton Salwick and Kirkham
Monday: Preesall and Stomen Bryning
Tuesday: Pilling Lane Lytham
Wednesday: Rawcliffe 2 Martons
Thursday: St. Michael’s Thornton
Friday: Church-town _
Sattersday: Salwick Poulton
1) In Poulton the society is eleven steady members. There has been one joined. I’ve preached here at 2.30 and seven at night. Congregation is small in the afternoon, but often full at night.
2) Preesall: The society is 16 members. There has been 3 reclaimed here. I have had good congregations here.
3) Stomen: There are two live here, but they meet in Preesall class. The congregation is large,
and would be larger if there was room. It was thought that there was a hundred and fifty the
4) Pilling Lane: The congregations have been large for the place. Seven members live here
belonging to Preesall class.
5) Rawcliffe: This place hath been tried 20 years or upwards, and hath resisted stoutly the
Gospel, for not one in this time hath yielded to the influence of Grace, but there are two
sincere persons come to live here, which will, I think, benefit them. There never was or could be
a class raised here, but I have put these two names down, and one is fit for a leader. I have
given him the class paper, and they have begun to meet, and some meet with them. The
congregation is large.
6) St. Michael’s: or Moss-side: This place I found desolate and spoiled. All back-sliders or
gone to the Calvinists. I have gathered about seven together in the society. The congregation
is but small, but the house is full.
7) Church-town: This place hath a good congregation, but there is no society.
8) Salwick: This place brings me on to Kirkham. They meet in Plumpton class and is
unnecessary to form one here without some exceeding great increase.
9) Kirkham: This is the largest of the places in the Fylde, and yet is the smallest congregation.
It has been spoiled. At the first there was a Swedenborgian was their leader, and took a large
number away seven or eight years since. These are wicked, and go by the name of Methodist
yet, and after this there were two preachers began – a Robert Ladley and Ben Emeson. The
first was a Methodist, then Calvinist, then a …………..Bishop, then a ……Sandomainian, and
made devotion in all these. The other was banished the town for fornication which he had been
guilty of more than a year. After this, there came one Enoch or Swedenborger, and was the
Methodist Preacher and lived here. Got into debt and run away, and left it to pay these and
some more things has ruined the place, and will be some time before it rises. However, I have
joined eight in a class here and Bryning.
10) Bryning: This place hath a good congregation. Three are joined in Kirkham class.
11) Lytham: This place hath a large congregation but none joined in class. Their parson hath
been storming, but it is quieter now.
12) Little Marton: This place has been hurt like Kirkham, but there a few meet from here in
Great Marton. Class congregation as Little Marton.
13) Great Marton: There are seven joined in class. This place I found desolate and had much ado
to gather them. Congregation as Little Marton.
14) Thornton Marsh: There are seventeen joined in class. There hath been 5 or 6 joined. When
and since I gave the tickets out, numbers are as follows:-
St. Michael’s 7
I got dinner at Dunderdales. I came back and prayed with one in distress, and slept till betwixt 2 and 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Then set on my journey to Moss-side. I preached an alarming sermon, then stopped them and gave them tickets, but could not receive nothing off them being so near the next quarter. Some stopped that I talked too keenly. Fri. 10th I stayed breakfast with Garner. I got dinner with Noah Livsey. After dinner we had a meeting. John Garner was much affected . He cried and prayed. It rained a tremendous shower. It detained me, that I only just got in time for preaching. We had a few with the wetness of the night. I had a good time. Thos. Ward was there. Buttler Esquire I heard was dead, and had to be buried tomorrow.
Sat. 11th This morning I prayed with them. I slept with and then went to breakfast with Rd. Dickinson. Prayed with them and then came on my way. It was very fine and pleasant, but I still am sickly and weak, and I feel this in both soul and body. I called at John Cattrell’s and waited on the boat. Got to Salwick. There were a few. I had a comfortable time. I spoke from Proverbs 28 v.13. I spoke about 15 or 20 minutes.
Sun. 12th There was a good company. Alice Sumner, Mary Hopwood and Mary Ward was there from Preston. I was informed here of Alice Ward that used to meet in our class, that she now lived at Scale Hall, Newton. I set on my way. The girls took me above a mile on my way to Kirkham. Two of the society met me a half a mile. There were but few, and we had a prayer meeting. I felt happy while they prayed. After, James went to Scale Hall to ask Alice hard to come and see and hear me, but he did not meet with her, but her mother seemed free. I preached to 35 this night.
Mon. 13th This morning I went to Bryning after prayers. After dinner I went with Rd. Hall to take a walk. He took his heel-spear. He catched a snake in the hedge with it, and it did so writhe and twist, and seemed very strong. My head ached very much. We had a good company tonight, and good singing, and I had a good time.
Tues. 14th I prayed with them at Bryning twice, then set off for Lytham. We had but a few this night. Some thought it was through two fine women standing at the door kept them from coming in, and I think it was so, for several came and went away again when they saw door stop with them. Their daughter was there.
Wed. 15th I went to pray with one that was sick. I then set on my journey and called at Peel School. Got dinner. Set forward. It was a fine day. I suppose this was the cause. It has been so wet. I had to sing myself. There was two fresh ones.
Thurs. 16th I prayed and talked to the old woman about her soul, and told her if she did not get the better of her bad temper, they would ruin her. She is old and doatering. I came to Poulton, stayed dinner and then went on my way to Thornton. We had a comfortable time. They informed me I could have gone to a Calvanist’s to drink tea, but I was thankful I was too late, for I don’t feel at home at these places.
Fri. 17th I stopped at Thornton till afternoon and then went to Poulton. Went to Mrs. Camble’s meeting, and was very sorry to see her so weak. She could scarce speak, and I could do little but cry, but we had a blessed meeting.
Sat. 18th I was at Poulton till afternoon, then went to Mrs. Daggers to tea. The two Miss Denisons was there. I read them a sermon, talked to them about their souls. Came back.
Sun. 19th This forenoon I went to hear a young man at the Calvinist Chapel. He had a tuft of hair on his topping that would have done credit to Tommy Till-ground’s Bull. He had a beautiful countenance, and a nice looking young man. Could read with a nice grace. He had notes with him, Began with such pomp and style, and would bring proofs out of scriptures. Looked in his notes and told where it was, but he could not find it. Looked back in his notes two or three times till his countenance fell, and such a preacher I never heard. But wonders never ceaseth. We had a good company this afternoon, and I had a good time. Some came from Thornton and stopped the night. We had not so many tonight.
Mon. 20th This morning I went to Ellen Fears to breakfast, and they pressed me to stop dinner. I called at Thos. Holden’s. He was sick. I prayed and came away. I set out for Stomen. When I got there the house was full. I had not such a feeling sense of help from above, yet several said they had a good time, and said I had great liberty. Stomen singers were there with their Bass-horn, Bass-viol and clarinet, and played several of leaches times afterwards. I slept at Mr. Gaskells. He said I had a good time. I said I had not, but he said he had.
Tues. 21st I set on my way to Pilling Lane. They went fishing with lines, laid for a mile long. They catched in one tide about 300 flukes. This night we had a good company, and a pretty good time.
Wed. 22nd I stayed till noon and bathed. Then set on to Rawcliffe. I found I had been so severe the last time, that some of them was touched, and one or two went to persuade the people to come no more, and for all that could put on a face to come and ask me to come and dine. But I refused. We had a good number and a blessed time. There are a few that have got awakened here.
Thurs. 23rd I called at Thos. Bonds,, a Quaker that married Giselle Dagger. They were free and fain would have me to stop all night. I got tea with them for I had stayed late at Rawcliffe, for I had a new pair of shoes that I could not walk in, and Lawrence sent girl to Poulton to fetch my old ones and get them mended. I got just time enough to rest me a few minutes. We had an attentive congregation although it was a fair at Garstang.. I met the class after and a weeping season it was. We had a good time, both in preaching and class.
Fri. 24th I stayed till afternoon. I got tea at Churchtown. There was two great thunder showers just before I began to preach. As good number came from Moss-side or we should have had a very few. This night I had a poor night’s rest.
Sat. 25th I came on my way with a nurseryman of trees. Was very conversant. Come somewhere from nigh Inskip. I called at Cattrell’s, Roebuck. I then went to John Watson. Stayed there all night.
Sund. 26th We went to Salwick. I preached there and I had a blessed time, but I felt uncomfortable when I got in. It was time to begin. A number of folks come but no where to sit them down, but while I was reading the Lessons, I felt easy. This afternoon, we, Thos. Garner, Bartle and me went to Freckleton. Thos. Corner and me went and told the inhabitants door by door. I got liberty to speak on a pair of steps belonging to a smithy. We had about a hundred. Some came from Bryning, and two of Mercer’s daughters from Lytham. We sang pretty well. At night I preached to 19 at Kirkham.
Mond. 27th I went to Bryning this forenoon. I felt a heaviness of soul, but at night I had a weeping season. Some person gave Rd. a shilling for me, but did not, and had promised not to tell who it was.
Tues. 28th It was wet. I got to Lytham. I read a while. Went to see James Silcock. Sat awhile with him. I went to pray with Fell’s son that was sick, and talked with him. We had but a few tonight, but very attentive. Miss. Burns was there and was there last time, and said she would come again.
Wed. 29th It was wet and very dirty this day. I went to see the young man that was sick. I came to Marton, and the roads was as bad as winter. I read this afternoon some letters wrote by a Calvinist that tended to show that it was the highest perfection of a Christian to feel the corruptions of the heart – from the 7 of Romans, and brought it forward and sealed it with “There is therefore, now no condemnation to them who are in Christ.” They was not to be condemned for what they felt or did afer they was in Christ. It appeared to me they were pardoned (in their sense of it) for all past, present and to come. Therefore the law could not touch them now. There is, therefore, now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus. It ended here, but there was a broken line in the printed book, and I wrote, “Say who walk not after the flesh.” There was a comfortable number, and a pretty comfortable time.
Thursd. 30th I called on Rev. Mr. Hall and had some conversation. Called at Thos. Holden’s. Heard that the Lord had blessed him. Went on to Poulton, then to Thornton. Had a powerful time at night.
Friday 31st Stayed till noon, then went on to John Wilson’s. Stopped tea there, then went to Poulton. Went to Mrs. Gamble.
Sat. June 1st This forenoon I read. In the afternoon Miss Denison, and by and by Mr. Dugan came and sat. Then Mrs. Campbell came and asked me to tea. I went down. Had some nice conversation. Read sometime the account of Mrs. Flecher’s servant’s death, then prayed. I talked and advised Mrs. Campbell to write an account of her conversation &c.
Sun. 2nd This morning I went and preached over Marsh, a Whit Sunday discourse. I felt power in leading of the class. This afternoon I went to Bispham and had much ado to get a place to stand. At last we prevailed with some folks to let us stand in the open and borrowed a chair, but a deal of people stood at a great distance. I had to speak very loud for they would not come nearer. It made me hoarse. The Marsh-side people was here and noisy beyond describing. When I prayed, “Sinner” they replied “Aye Lord,” and I could scarce be heard, and when I said the Lord’s Prayer, I could scarce keep in, for when I said “Our Father,” the said, “Aye Lord,” “Which art in heaven,” “Aye Lord,” “Hallowed by thy name,” “Aye Lord,” “They kingdom come,” “Now Lord,” “Thy will be done,” “Now Lord,” &c.
I came and preached at Poulton at night. I thought I should be hoarse but I went better.
Mon. 3rd This day I went to Stomen. Had a good congregation, and attentive.
Tues. 4th I went to Pilling Lane this afternoon. We had a good number there this night. I had a good time. We stopped at James’s.
Wed. 5th This forenoon went to bathe. Mr. McNeal went with me, but it was very cold. This night I had a good time at Rawcliffe. Mr. Gaskell was there. I went and slept with Thos. Bond’s Quakers.
Thurs. 6th I stayed reading till near 5 o’clock. Then I set off on my may to Moss-side. I got there a little before time. I had an excellent time.
Friday 7th We had two meetings, and then R. Dickenson came, and I went with him. We got tea at a house by the way. They are hearers. I went to Church-town and had a pretty good company.
Sat. 8th This morn I set off at about half past four. I called at Mr. Preston’s and got some tea and prayed. Then called at H. Riding’s. Then went on to Preston. Went to Mr. Jackson’s. Was comfortable received, and heard that the District was pleased with what he had done. I was glad to hear it, and felt comfort on that account. I heard that another was to be sent to the help of the Lord. I went and got tea with my sister. Then to Mr. Nicksons. Mr. Ault came, and I went with him. I slept at my father’s.
Sunday 9th I got breakfast at Alice Sumner’s, and Mary Ward’’s Thos. Ward came. We went to Salwick in the boat. I preached in the barn. John Watson, Dunters, Thos. Corner, his son, and a young man from Inskip, and Thos. Ward went with us to Freckleton. We went and invited them door by door, and I think there was 150 or 200 persons, and well behaved. There was one walked away affronted, because I said it would be awful to find minerter and people in hell. I said this may seem hard, but Bishop Lattimore said that there was a place in hell as wide as between Calais and Dover filled with them. We went to Kirkham. We had 32 to hear. I felt weary and done tonigt.
Mond. 10th I went to see a sick man and pray with him, then set off to Bryning. I read all afternoon. We had an attentive company.
Tues. 11th I set off this morning. Called at Fell’s and prayed with their son. I found John Harrison from Bolton Hall there, a Methodist in Blackburn Circuit. We this afternoon took a walk. Had some conversation. We had a comfortable time. John prayed.
Wed. 12th I stayed till afternoon. I went and prayed with a sick young man in a fever: he seemed willing to die. We had twice a little prayer meeting at night. I preached to a few. John and Betty Thomeson was there and Mr. Dison. I came back with them.
Thurs. 13th I read all forenoon and part of the afternoon. I then went down to Thornton. I was very poorly. I had much ado to speak. There were a deal there. I met the class afterwards and gave tickets. I joined three in class. Now there are 20 here. I spoke about making two classes, and it met their approbation.
Fri. 14th I stayed till afternoon. I joined another to the class at Thornton Marsh. I found them ten in number, and now there are 21 in number. We had a comfortable time at prayer meeting tonight.
Sat. 15th I was at Poulton. I read all forenoon. In the afternoon we had a company that I felt did not benefit me. I read them a sermon and some awful accounts from the Magazine. I felt very poorly. I have not been so ill since I came here.
Sund. 16th I had to go to Thornton Marsh. I preached there this morning. In the afternoon I went to Bispham. We heard as we were going that the people had made it up to stone us. It certainly was so, but several men and women went with me. I got a chair the next door to the place that let us have it the last time. Several came near, and some stood at a distance. Yes, a deal of people was in the town waiting. I began, and gave out a hymn, and shouted to them at a distance, and said, “You had better come nearer (I thought it was them that was come to disturb). But I said, “You may be afraid of an uproar, but you don’t need, for there dares not one disturb us, for Government protects us. They behaved very well. I rode back with Mrs. Campbell and Betty Tomeson. I preached tonight at Poulton, to a good number. This morning I dreaded the labour of this day. I was so ill, but the Lord lent certainly by his assistance.
Mon. 17th I stayed till noon at Poulton. Miss Fanny Denison came and her mother. Miss Fanny said to her mother that she would be of our society. Her mother went and fetched a bottle of wine. We had prayer and I came off. I got tea at Mrs. Daggers. To Hambleton. I called at Mr. Gaskells. Went then to Stomen, where at James’s I found there, forms out of doors. I preached in the open air, but I felt the night air take hold on me. I slept at Mr. Gaskells.
Tues. 18th This morning Mr. Gaskell spoke to me about his ticket. I told him that I could not give people tickets that so seldom went to class. He said he would go to class if there was one near. I said, there should be one, for James, his wife and sister, Dobson, and Mr. and Mrs. Gaskell would be a good beginning. I asked him if he would meet constant. He said he would when he could, so I gave him a ticket.
Wed. 19th I stayed dinner at Mr. Gaskells, and then I went on and, wake and weary as I was, I longed to be at the end. I got there, and when I sat awhile, I felt as if sparks fell from my eyes. I went and lay down about half an hour, but it was time to speak. I had a good time and comfortable. I gave tickets after, and gave a note of admittance to a young man. Captain Aleson stopped and grumbled because his name was not in. I said I did not find it in, and if it had three times stopping away without giving a reason for it, would exclude them. He seemed vexed. I said if he would meet I would put down his name. He said he could not attend, and I said I could not give him a ticket.
Thurs. 20th I stayed till afternoon, then I went to Rawcliffe. After preaching I joined other two in class, there are fewer now. I felt delighted with the confession they made and the experience they spoke. I slept tonight at Thos. Bonds, the Quaker. I stayed till noon, then went to Moss-side, and had a comfortable time, and felt happier amongst them than I have before. I dashed some names out when I gave tickets, and entered some others more respectable. I joined three and there seemeth a union amongst them.
Friday 21st I stayed till afternoon. We had a prayer meeting. I then set off for Church-town. I took a walk into the church yard and in the church. Went to the top of the steeple. We had but a few this night. I went and slept at L. Archers. His father-in-law Mr. Dison came and invited me to his house after supper to take a glass with him. I went with Archer and another, and took a glass of porter. We had prayer and I returned.
Sat. 22nd This morning I went with Mr. Archer to see the print works. I went and stopped at John Watsons all night.
Sun. 23rd Was very wet. We went to Salwick. I preached to a very few. Then Thos. Corner and me went to Freckleton. It still continued wet. With much ado, we got a barn. John and Betty Tomeson was there and about 80 to hear. I rode with Betty Tomeson to Kirkham. Preached there to some more, 39 I think. I gave tickets afterwards. This night I was so worried with flies (or as they call them here, fligh). I did not go to sleep till 3 o’clock in the morning when Anne, I heard, got up. I called to her to give me some water to drink. I felt I wanted a little patience.
Mon. 24th I went to Bryning, but felt heavy a good part of the day. At night I took the Lord’s Prayer for my text and had a good time.
Tuesday 25th I went to Lytham. Then I took a walk at the waterside. I preached to a few tonight a comfortable sermon.
Wednesd. 26th This morning I took a walk, then went to help strew their hay, then wrote a letter to North Meols. I then went to Marton. There I got my feelings cut. One said paying made people backward, and upon my word 2 and 6 has been all that had been paid here. One cried I’m not fit to be in class, and one said that if they had had Borders instead of the Methodists, they should have had a deal of money. I had but a few to preach to, and I gave tickets afterwards. One sixpence was all that was paid. This is not what I was cut with, but their murmuring and lowness.
Thurs. 27th This morning I set off to Poulton and stopped till afternoon. I had a good time in speaking the rest of the sermon. I met James Holden. He said he had seen Mr. Morrow. He advised me to go no more to Bispham, for he had heard I should be put in prison. I said, Mr. Morrow is not my friend if he would hinder me of that honour, for it would be the greatest honour I ever had in my life to be put in prison for preaching the Gospel. He said I wish I had not told you.
Friday 28th I stayed till noon, then I rode with Betty Tomeson to Poulton. Had a comfortable time at Mrs. Campbell’s meeting.
Sat. 29th I rode with John Tomeson to Blackpool to bathe. I met Mrs. Nickson. We had something to eat with her. She informed Mr. Nickson was very poorly. I and John went and bathed. It was very pleasant and warm. As we were coming back I saw a cloud. I said we should be wet before we get to Poulton. John thought not, but so it proved. It thundered and lightened as I had not seen or heard for a good while. It hurt a boy and killed a cow.
Sun. 31st This morning I went and preached over Marsh. Then in the afternoon, at Bispham, a man let us have a barn. Hodgen, that used to keep the Gin at Blackpool. I preached. We was comfortable and quiet. He asked me into his parlour with James Roskell. I went. He asked what I would have to drink. I said a cup of whey. He said, I am one of your sort. He was a genteel looking man, and a man of proper try and shy, deep and droll. He said I was one of his sort. I said, then, let us pray, so I did, and he said Amen. At night I preached an awful sermon, from Paul’s reasoning before fealix.
Mon. July 1st 1811 I set off to Stomen. Preached to an attentive congregation, and slept at Mr. Gaskells.
Tues. 2nd I set on to Pilling Lane. I helped them with their hay in the afternoon. At night there was a goodly company. I had a precious time while I spoke of Moses’s refusal and choice.
Wed. 3rd I felt dull. I went and bathed but it was very cold. I came in the afternoon to Rawcliffe, and I was going by a new, unfinished building, a man came out of a barn. He hollered, shouted, jumped and clapped his sides, and made such antics and wild, extravagant gestures. I had got about 200 yards by (they did so the fortnight before). I turned back. He ran into the barn. I followed and found five sat round a bench eating their afternoon lunch. I said, “Have you not a man here wants recommending to Bedlam, for I am sure I saw one that wasn’t fit to go loose, and shall feel a pleasure in recommending him to a straight jacket.” They seemed thunderstruck, for they did not expect me coming. I said, “Which of you is it, and what’s his name, for I am afraid he will do some mischief.” One that seemed frightened said, pointing at one, “It is him.” He said, “Thou lies, it was thee.” I said, “I’ll thank you to tell me his name, it will be the fittest shop for him.” I was astonished how quiet they let me go. We had a good company, and a Quaker was there. I went with him and slept there.
Thursday 4th I stayed till afternoon, then I went to Moss-side. There were a good deal there. I led their class. I spoke plain and home. I feel hard work to speak to one of them; that, I know, is not as she should be, and professes different, for she is lightness, frothy and foolish. She still comes, although I have spoke very much home. Tonight she said she was happy, and her heart light. I said I was afraid if she did not get it weighted with the Grace of God, it would be so light it would bounce into Hell.
Frid. 5th We had prayer meeting. I went in the afternoon, called at Fishers. Talked and prayed there, then went on to Church-town. We had some more than we had lately. There was some from Garstang. I heard that there was 10 there in society.
Sat. 6th I set off this morning to go to Preston. Richard Dickenson went with his cart. I rode part and him part. I took Mr. Jackson the returns of the Circuit, 74. I visited several of my friends. I stopped tea with Mary Hopwood. I slept at my fathers. Ault Mounsey.
Sun. 7th This morning I got breakfast with Alice Sumner and Mary Ward, and Mary Hopwood. We had a comfortable time at prayer. I went in the boat to Salwick. I preached to a larger congregation than formerly. Thos. Corner Bartle and Miss Watson went on with me to Freckleton. Great numbers was waiting on the green for us. I preached in the barn. Some got under the place. I stood and was rude, but the main part was solemn. I told them afterwards that this rudeness would be notes took of, and they would be brought to an account. One of them that we could not see cried out, “Who by?” I replied, “By one that knows you, and will bring you to judgement.” I could scarce speak while I preached for a pain at my heart. I went to Kirkham, spoke to 25 there. I was so affected that I wept.
Mon. 8th This morning I went to pray with a sick man. I was melted into tears while I spoke and prayed with him. I set off to Bryning, and through the way being turned I missed it, and wandered backward and forward for some time till at last I took right on over a hedge and ditch. I read most of the day. We had but a few tonight, but they were attentive, but some disturbance amongst the neighbours about a wicked man that had debauched the girls that was there, and it had just broke out. He was an impotent, wicked man, and got into the servant maids bed while asleep. The whole neighbourhood was all on an uproar.
Tues. 9th I read this forenoon till ten o’clock, then I went to Lytham. I met with John Harrison there again. We bathed together, then had a walk. We met with a young gentleman. He came up to me and began to talk about the works of Creation. We got to one thing to another, till religion came on in the conversation. We talked of the human soul. I think he must have been a dissentering minister. We after met with a Methodist woman on the beach. Jane Hoskinson came when I was preaching. There was several bathers. We prayed after with them. John and me slept together. Had some chat before we slept.
Wed. 10th We this morning had prayer. Some bathers was there, and one, after prayer, said, “What do you think of the Doctrines of the Swedenborgers?” I said, “I did not think they had any doctrines.” He said, was I acquainted with them. “Very little,” said I, but what little I had heard them say, I had heard them contradict. He said he thought I was not acquainted with them. I said he did not believe the letter of the scriptures, but as a spiritual fable. They did not believe in a hell, Devil, or Trinity, as mentioned in the scriptures. Neither did they believe that wickedness was breaking God’s command. He asked me if I did not believe faith to be the principal thing in religion. I said, “No.” “What then?” I said, “Divine love shed abroad in the heart.” He said, “Do you believe that there are three distinct persons in the Trinity?” I said, “I do.” He said, “Bring a scripture for it.”, and I said, “Bring a scripture against it.” He said, “They that have seen me, hath seen the Father.” “Yes,” I said, “Three in one. They were separate at the Baptism of Christ and at his Crucifixion.” Therefore (therefore (there were several) could not get over this. They were quite confounded and changed colours. I bathed, and John Harrison. We waited on our company to the Packet Boat. John brought me on my way. I preached tonight at Edmond Eccles’s. We had but few.
Thurs. 11th This morning I got to Poulton by cart. I went and fetched Mr. Ault in a gig. He preached at Thornton. We slept at Poulton.
Friday 12th We got breakfast at Mrs. Daggers. We went to Blackpool after dinner. Miss Dagger and Miss Deneson went with us. Mr. Ault preached there. I went and invited the people to come. It was very wet as we came back.
Satters. 13th Mr. Ault went to Blackpool again. I stayed indoors till night.
Sun. 14th I was very poorly in my head. Mr. Ault went and preached at Thornton this morning. I did not go. He preached at one o’clock before the love feast began. It was very wet all forenoon, but our place was nigh full, and a deal had a good time, and, I believe there was not one half minute passed without something said. There was not time without speaking. After tea I set off with Bartle to Salwick and slept there.
Mon. 15th I went to Preston and preached there. Had a comfortable time. I slept at my fathers.
Tues. 16th I preached at Walton to a very few, and slept at Mr. Thompsons.
Wed. 17th This afternoon I went to Longton and preached to them. Had a comfortable time. Slept at Parks.
Thursd. 18th I set on to Preeston. This forenoon, I went to the court being Sessions, for a licence to preach. I took an Attorney with me. He spoke to the Clerk of the Peace, and he rose and said, “Where is the Methodist Parson’s that want swearing?” and three others came, and it was all done at one.. We gave him a half crown each. I got dinner at Mr. Jacksons, and tea out. Mr. Arkwrite was at the prayer meeting tonight. It seemed dull, both singing and praying. I slept at Mr. Thompsons.
Fri. 19th I went to the Court and heard some trials. I got tea at Alice Sumners and Mary Ward, and at night I led Mr. Ault’s class. Had a sweet time. Slept at same place.
Sat. 20th I was principally with Mr. Ault today. Took him and Miss Mellor on their way to Chorley. I stopped a while at Walton.
Sunday 21st I came by the boat to Salwick. Preaced. Had not a good time. Jackson, Preston and Catrel was there. They went with me to Freckleton. I was very hoarse there. They went to Kirkham with me. Jackson went off inviting folks and brought two. I preached a sermon here that I had preached before, but they said I had not, and I had left my book that I noted them down in. However, not above two heard it over again.
Mon. 22nd I stayed at Kirkham till afternoon. I took a walk into the church yard. Looked at the bone house. Met with Mrs. Campbell. I set off for Bryning. Had a good company and attentive.
Tuesd. 23rd I set off for Lytham. Met with some Methodists. Mr. Butterfield was there, but I could not get him to preach. The house was filled tonight. Had good singing, and Mr. Hargreaves from Rossendale was there. Mrs. Whitehead, John Whitehead’s wife came to the door and said some abusive language to some at the door.
Wed. 24th I stayed and bathed; then Thos. Mercer and one of the bathers went with me on my way as far as the hey houses. I went on to Rd. Rossalls and got tea there. News came that one of Rd’s wife’s cousins was drowned at Blackpool this afternoon. We went on after tea to Thos. Rossalls. I had a very good time.
Thurs. 25th Today I felt depressed in my mind more than I have done since I came into the Fylde. I went to Thornton Marsh. I had a good time and was raised again.
Friday 26th I came to Poulton in the forenoon. Felt more comfortable than the day before. Went to Mrs. Campbells. Called at Mr. Morrows, Calvinist Minister, was very friendly.
Sat. 27th Stopped in the house nearly all day. Miss Fanny Denison came and stopped till night and Mrs. Campbell.
Sun. 28th I went and preached at Thornton. Had a comfortable time. Led the class. After dinner I went to Bispham, then to Poulton, and had a Blessed time all three.
Mon. 29th Afternoon I set off to go to Stomen and got there at tea. I preached, or lectured to a house full of people.
Tues. 30th I stayed at Mr. Gaskells till 3 in the afternoon, then went on my way to Pilling Lane. We had a large company.
Wed. 31st I stayed till afternoon. O, how weak I felt in body today. We had a good company at Rawcliffe tonight. I went with Thos. Bond and slept there.
August Thurs. 1st I was at Thos. Bonds till noon. Then went to Moss-side. Preached to them but none of the Calvinists was there.
Frid. 2nd I read till afternoon, then set off for Church-town. The Bishop had been there today, and the town was throng. I preached, and some drunken men came about the door, and talked aloud. I begged of them to be silent.
Sat. 3rd I set off on my way early this morning. I walked 11 miles in the rain to Preston. I saw Mr. Ault. He had a letter came whilst I was there, and it informed to John Wright being put down for the Poulton Mission. I slept with my father.
Sun. 4th I was sad and disconsolate. I preached at Salwick to a few, but had a precious time. There was not any to go with me to Freckleton. I went and had some solemn meditations, and put up some feeling towards heaven. Felt comfortable when I got there. A deal was waiting on the Green but it was not time. I sat me down on the steps on which I preach above half and hour. I had no hymn book. I called the people but they wouldn’t come, so I got on the steps and gave out a hymn, and sang it. Two came up while I was singing, but they came to gather while I was praying. I had a blessed time. Some came towards middle of my sermon that could sing. Then we had about 18 at Kirkham. I had a good day today. A young man and his wife have come to live here, and at Kirkham, and have attended preaching and have a desire to meet in class. They seem to be nice people. They came to James’s and I prayed with them. They stopped some time. I had a restless night although I was less tired today than I have been for a good while. It was with fleas biting me. I was specked all over.
Mon. 5th Henry Cattrell and Wm. Preston came to Kirkham. I went with them to Lytham. We sailed in the afternoon. We met with Alice Sumner and Mary Taylor. John Harrison was there, and several others went with us to Bryning. A preacher came by providence and preached. We had a good prayer meeting.
Tues. 6th I was at Lytham early, and was with our friends all day. At night we had 2 or 300 to hear. We sang on the sands afterwards.
Wed. 7th Our friends took me on my way. I preached at Marton, then went to Poulton.
Thurs. 8th Isabel Stock came to Poulton and went to Thornton Marsh. I had a good time there. I feel God has blessed my soul this week.
Frid. 9th I came from Thornton and went to Blackpool, and got dinner with Mr. Nickson. Had a good meeting at Mrs. Campbells.
Sat. 10th I stayed in all day being a little unwell.I took a walk tonight to Mrs. Daggers with Miss Denison.
Sun. 11th I preached or lectured at Thornton, then in the afternoon I went to Stanah, a fresh place. Had a chair by the cock pit. A great part of my congregation lay on the grass. A man offered his house when I had done. I had a good company at Poulton tonight.
Mon. 12th I waited late for a letter, but none came for me. I preached at Stomen. Felt comfortable.
Tues. 13th Stopped at Mr. Gaskells tea in the afternoon. Preached to a large house full at George McNeals.
Wed. 14th This morning I wrote two class papers, and divided Preesall class, and made one at Stomen. I preached ar Rawcliffe. Slept at Thos. Bonds, the Quaker.
Thurs. 15th I had this forenoon in his library. Stayed dinner. Met on my way to Moss-side two young men that had been preaching the night before. Went on to say they had learned that Mr. Wright was appointed to come and labour. I preached and then led the class there.
Friday 16th I stayed at Garners till afternoon, then called at Mallys and prayed. Then set on to Church-town. I took a walk in the church. There was a blind man playing the organ. I preached to a good company. I slept at the house I preached at.
Satt. 17th I called at John Cattrells. Sat a good while with Jane and her mother. I called at William Cattrells. Stayed dinner. Watched her shear awhile. Was invited to stay all night, but had promised John Watsons. Went on there, was well entertained. Sang a new tune and vital spark &c. Had a good time at prayer. Thos. Corner was there.
Sun. 18th We went to Salwick, then to Freckleton. Thos. Corner and me, we sat down and talked. We wept together. As we sat, a number of gay girls (ibid) came from Newton. They did not see us. They were coming in such spirit, talking about the preaching, but as soon as they saw us they took to running. O! I had a blessed time in speaking to them, and I believe more good was done than in all the times I have been. Three men came on with us, and one invited Thos. Corner to come next time to dinner. They came to Kirkham at night, and I felt another blessed time. And after, we had a meeting at James Parkinsons, and a young man and his wife, was in deep distress. She cried and prayed. Oh, it looked like ancient days; I felt the spirit of a revival. We prayed till we was spent and strength exhausted. I never heard more simplicity and fervour particularly in the young man. He prayed for his wife till she roared out. I began to have a hope that this forlorn, forsaken place would yet rise.
Mon. 19th I met John Twist at Bryning. Had a good house full and a blessed time. I felt easy about whether I stayed or went.
Tuesd. 20th I was at Lytham. John Harrison was there, and some more Methodists. Had a large company. Sang well. I felt power to speak.
Wed. 21st I went to Marton but few came, and those late; I prayed with them and left them praying. I was very ill wet. That was the cause I went to Poulton. There was a letter from Mr. Wright for me and John Tomason to meet him the next day.
Thurs. 22nd We went to meet him. He desired me to stop this year with him, but told me Mr. Marsden had commanded him to tell me I should not be an itinerant after that. I felt a little hurt in my mind, and enough in my mind to have no more to do with it, but I begged of God to help me. I told him I would rather leave, for at the year end I should be more unfit for manual labour, but he pressed me, so I said I would think on it. It was 11 o’clock when we got back.
Fri. 23rd I went to Blackpool to see Mr. Nickson. Got to Mrs. Campbell’s Prayer Meeting.
Sat. 24th I stopped and read.
Sun. 25th I preached over Marsh. Felt uncomfortable at dinner time, through a drunken man. In the afternoon preached in Staining or Newton is a barn. They behaved well. I preached at Poulton at night.
Mon. 26th I went to Stomen and was pitifully wet. Stood in my wet things and preached to a house full.
Tues. 27th I went on to Pilling Lane. Met Mr. Wright. He preached.
Wed. 28th I set on to go to Bolton. Got to Preston, went to Mr. Harkwrites class. Slept at my fathers.
Thurs. 29th I went on to Bolton. Packed my books. Thos. Sharrock helped me. I slept at John Thornleys.
Fri. 30th I went about a cart till noon. Got my books loaded, then I set off to Preston. Stopped at Walton till my books came up. Went and delivered to Poulton carrier. Slept at Mr. Nicksons.
Sat. 31st I sent my Telescope to Poulton. I saw Mr. Jackson. His brother was not come. He asked me to stop and preach if he should fail to come, but he came.
Sun. Sept. 1st I heard young Mr. Jackson. I got dinner with Mr. Sellers. Went to Sam Parker’s Prayer meeting. Got tea at my sisters. Slept at above.
Mon. 2nd I went by the Lytham Packet Boat, and Mary Ward was there. The water was calm. They had to row with the oars. Got to Lytham, got dinner, and was invited to dinner by Miss Lang and Miss Craine. Went and prayed with them. Then set off for Bryning, and Mary Ward and other three went from Lytham. Had a good congregation, although a fair and a bull-bait.
Tues. 3rd I went to Lytham. Write two letters, one to John Harrison and another to John Twiss. Alice Sumner came in the Packet. We took a walk. I was invited to tea by Mr. Haughton, Local Preacher from Manchester and Mrs. Hull. The house was well filled. Some boys disturbed.
Wed. 4th We took a walk, then the girls went in the boat and I had a sail with them, and came back with the boat, and set off to Marton. Had a good congregation. After I had done preaching I went to the door and saw a Comet above, the size of a star of the second or third magnitude. The man from Staining was at preaching and slept with me.
Thurs. 5th I went with him early this morning and called at his house. He called his wife up. I prayed with them, then went on to Poulton and unpacked my books, then went to Thornton and preached, and came back with John. Had a look at the Comet with my 9 feet Telescope, but was ill-defined on the eyes, although I had so small a power as 80 screwed on. The Comet was considerably enlarged since last night.
Fri. 6th I went to Blackpool to see Mr. Nickson. We sang a hymn and prayed. I came back in the cart. Went to Mrs. Campbells. Misses Denison and Dison and Fair was there. Had a good time. The Comet was still enlarged.
Sat. 7th I stopped at J.T. till noon, then got dinner at Mrs. Campbells, and tea at Mr. Bartons, Skippool. Called at Mrs. Daggers. The Comet was still larger.
Sun. 8th I went to Thornton and lectured off the 3rd Chapter of Daniel, then went to Poulton. Thos. Ward was there from Preston. We went to Staining. There was a place full. Two gigs came from Blackpool, Mrs. Nickson in one with Mr. Kershaw from Backup (Bacup). Mrs. Nickson, Tomesons, Thos. Ward and me got tea at Staining. I preached and felt the place awful.
Mon. 9th I went on with Thos. Ward a little. Came back. Got dinner. Set on my way. Called at Mrs. Daggers. Got tea. Prayed. Came on to Staining. Had a blessed meeting season. Mrs.Gaskell prayed for the first time at our public congregation.
Tues.10th I had a room to myself. This forenoon I set on after dinner to Pilling Lane. Did not feel so happy in speaking as I had done. Gave them tickets. Put out one name. I bathed in the afternoon.
Wed. 11th I stayed till afternoon and felt rather dull, then went to Rawcliffe. I had a good time here, but not so many as before. I saw the Comet had shifted 6 degrees in 7 days. I slept at Lawrence Disleys.
Thurs. 12th I got breakfast at Lawrences, then went to Thos. Bonds, the Quaker, and got dinner there. There were Miss Dagger and Denison there. Very giddy. I talked to them of the folly of their conduct. They owned what I said was right and reasonable. I prayed with them, then went to Eccleston to Thos. Lawsons. Had a very few to hear, but had a good time. It was clear. The Comet shone beautifully. I found it in 166 degrees of Right Ascension, and in 42 degrees North Declination, with a tail 7 degrees long, in the order of the meridians pointing towards the pole.
Fri. 13th After breakfast the neighbours and Benr. Crown came in and we had a prayer meeting. After, I went to Moss-side. From thence to Church-town and thence to Garstang for Mr. Wright had neglected them at Moss-side. I found him planning a chapel of a Pot house at the Roebuck. I got tea with Mr. Wright. He wanted me to preach, but I would not, having told some that he would preach. He preached.
Sat. 14th Went to Head-nook. Called in on my way at John Cattrells, got dinner. There, went with one of their daughters to look at the Pot house. I slept at Wm. Cattrells
Sun. 15th I went and called at Plumpton, and took several to Salwick with me. I preached in the house. Thos. Corner went with me to Freckleton. W.C. English Esquire came and stood while I had done. He went to Kirkham. Stopped preaching there. I took him nigh to the Green towards Lytham. He asked me to dine with him on the morrow.
Mon. 16th I went through Bryning to Lytham. Got dinner at Crookall. Mr. English went to Bryning. Was there before me. He was pleased with the simplicity of the people.
Tues. 17th I went to Lytham. Called on the places and prayed with them. Went to see James Silcock. Had some conversation. Met with Mr. English. I preached to a very few, but a good number was on the outside, and some unruly.
Wed. 18th I stayed till afternoon, then Thos. Mercer went with me as far as the Hey House. I went on to Marton. Had a good company. Gave tickets – 1 and 6 was the sum total of the quarterage, 1 more than last time.
Thurs. 19th Robert Cardwell went with me to show me a nigher way. Got to Poulton. Retired till night. I went to Thornton Marsh. Had a good time.
Fri. 20th Came to Poulton. Went to Blackpool in Tomeson’s shandray. Miss Denison went too. I met Mr. English. Called on Mr. Nickson. Came back and went to Mrs. Campbell’s Prayer Meeting.
Sat. 21st I read and wrote most of the day till night. Mr. English came to Poulton. Sent a letter for me to meet him at the Black Bull. I went and got supper with him. He bid me call on him in the morning to go with us to Thornton at ten o’clock.
Sun. 22nd Mr. English and me went to Thornton. I lectured on “Noaman the Leper.” We got dinner at Bradshaw Crofts, then set forward to Staining in the shandray. I preached to a quite attentive people. We came to Poulton, had the place full, but they dirtied some of the women when going home.
Mon. 23rd Mr. English came and stopped till one o’clock. We parted. I went to Mr. Daggers at the Break. Got tea with them. Miss Roe, Mrs. Nickson was there. I set on to Stomen. Got there in good time. Was a deal some on the outside had got a horn, and blew it at the window and made disturbance. I gave tickets to stomen class.
Tues. 24th I stayed at Mrs. Gaskells till after dinner. Then went to George McNealls. His brother, William, came and invited me to come to Pilling. I promised him I would. I had a very good time this night.
Wed. 25th I stopped till noon then set on my way. Was a little wet with rain. Walked to Rawcliffe. Had a large company. Stopped at Lawrences all night.
Thursd. 26th Stayed till noon, then walked on to Eccleston. Stayed till Mr. Wright came. Then after tea I walked to Moss-side. Had a good company. Felt comfortable. Stayed at Garners all night.
Friday 27th This morning I went to meet Mr. Wright at Bilsbury Lane, the place we had bought for a chapel. Several workmen came to look at it. From thence I went to Garstang with Mr.Wright. Got tea with him. Then we went to Church-town. I preached, but did not please him. I went back with him and slept with him.
Sat. 28th We made a plan of our Circuit and was together all day.
Sun. 29th Mr. Wright went to Salwick. I stopped in Garstang. Went on the forenoon and opened their Sunday School, then retired. I preached to a large company in the afternoon, and likewise at night.
Mon. 30th John Wilson, Richard Kragg and me set off to Poulton to our quarter day, which was comfortable and agreeable seemingly to all. Mr. Wright preached at night. We slept together.
Tues. Oct. 1st Mr. Wright set on to Lytham and me to Garstang. John Tomeson went with me. We had his horse betwixt us, but it began to rain very fast. I was soon wet through. It rained for half the way. I got to Garstang, then had to go, wet as I was, to Scorton and preach 3½ miles from Garstang. The hearers came late, and I sat in my wet clothes. I preached to a few, then had to come back to Garstang.
Wed. 2nd I stopped in all forenoon writing a copy of the specification for the new chapel, and a draw-
ing at night. I went to Brother Bibby to Oaken Clough up the hills by Greenah (Greenhalgh) Castle,
place battered down by O. Cromwell. There were a good company to a hear, and I had a comfortable
time among them. Slept there all night.
Thurs. 3rd After breakfast I returned to Garstang. Was by myself most of the day. Preached at night. Had a good company, for it was a severe wet and windy night.
Fri. 4th This morning I set out for Poulton. It began to rain. I was wet again. The tide was very high, extending to the side, so that I could not walk. The Boat was at Skippool. I went upon the ditches and over the copse to meet it. The wind was high and waves rough. We was prettily tossed. I had to climb into the fields on the other side. Was glad when I reached Poulton. At night we had a look at the Comet and Moon through my telescope. Then went to Mrs. Campbell’s Prayer Meeting.
Sat. 5th I was by myself this forenoon. Mrs. Camble came to invite me to dinner. I went, then retired again till night, then she sent for me to tea. I went, had a comfortable time.
Sun. 6th I went to Thornton, Was desired to speak from a passage in the Revelations. Had a good time from it. Went in the afternoon to Staining. Some boys laughed near all the time. Came and preached at Poulton, to the place full of people.
Mond. 7th I stayed till 4 o’clock. I left Poulton about four in the afternoon. I went over Wyre in Mr. Gaskell’s cart. Got there in time. Had a large house full. In my return I got wet on one foot.
Tues. 8th I went on to Pilling Lane. Had a good number and a comfortable time.
Wed. 9th George McNeall after dinner went with me to Pilling. This was my first time of going. I was entertained at Wm. McNealls, and preached there to a house full of people. Afterwards I joined 11 in society, and most of them gave a reason of the hope within them.
Thurs. 10th I got dinner at a house on my way to Rawcliffe called the Union, and the family Parr. One of their sons came on with me to Rawcliffe. There was a large number.
Friday 11th It rained all forenoon and part of the afternoon. When it cleared up I set on and went to Garstang, but did not meet with Mr. Wright there. I went on to Church-town where I met him. He preached. Wm. Preston and Brother was there. I went with them and slept there that night.
Sat. 12th This morning, Wm. Preston took cart. I road a good way to Preston. Went to my fathers. Told me Mr. Dunn, the Romish Priest wanted me. Went to Mr. Jacksons. Dined there, then took Mr. Sam Jackson on his way. Came back, called on Mr. Dunn. He seemed very kind. Wanted me to take some wine but I refused. Was going, had bid good day; would have me back to look at a great curiosity. There were a range of bottles of 10 or 12. He said they were extracted from coal, one by one degree of heat and another by greater &c till he came to me. That, he said, is the ammonia of coal. Take and smell at it, said he. I did. The smell was strong and disagreeable. He gave me another to smell at, white in colour. He said that was salts of coal. About a minute after I smelled I was seized with a trembling and a palpitation of my heart. A cold sweat, and a loss in a measure of my sight and sense. I perhaps might be a minute in this way. When I came to myself my pulse beat quick and then stopped. My throat felt very disagreeable and hot, and what I spit out of my throat into my handkerchief was on an effervescence. I complained what hurt it had done my head, and he pretended to seem surprised and said it had cured several heads that had ached. I said, dare you smell at it. Yes, said he. Let me see you, I said, so he seemed to smell at one. It was the second he gave me to smell at, not that he said was ammonia. I felt it go lower on my stomach. I thought it was time to make off, for I believed I was poisoned. As I went along the street it frothed up at my mouth like barm or suds. I called at a friends to get some milk, and took some rhubarb. I threw up stuff that edged my teeth. I took a large quantity of salt and water. I threw up a large quantity, had a pain come in my left breast which descended till it got under my left rib. There it rested. I slept at Mr. Jacksons.
Sun. 13th This morning I got breakfast with Alice Sumner, then went in to the Packet Boat to Salwick. Preached to a few, then to Freckleton. The weather was cold and stormy. I had upwards of 100. I then went to Kirkham. The place was filled, but a deal were children.
Mon. 14th I went to Bryning. Had a large house full. Felt the pain still in my side.
Tues. 15th I went to Lytham. Gave Nancy Mercer a £1 sent by Mr. English. She had to give 2/6 out to the bath. Then I found a letter from Mr. Wright with an extract from Mr. Sm. Taylor, Bolton, to know how Mr. English had got a ticket. I had given him one at Thornton Marsh. I felt my mind disturbed about it. I wrote a letter to Mr. Wright and another to Mr. Taylor.
Wed. 16th I stayed till after dinner, then went to Marton. John Bleasdale came from Poulton. I preached and then came to Poulton with him. He desired to look at Jupiter through my telescope, so we fixed it, and a beautiful view of it we had. Two moons was on one side and 2 on the other. John and me slept together.
Thurs. 17th I stayed in Poulton till near night, then went to Thornton. There was a large house full. After preaching I took an observation of the Comet and found it to be in 240º 50´ of Right Ascension, and 44º 15´ of North Declination, just entering into the Constellation of Hercules, and its tail the west edge terminated at μ Doraconis.
Friday 18th I returned to Poulton in the forenoon. Read all day. Felt the pain in my side severe. At night went to Mrs. Campbell’s meeting.
Sat. 19th Stayed within till tea time. Just then Thos. Faire had his arm broke at J. Tomesons door by a dog throwing him down. Helped them to set it. Went to get tea with Mrs. Campbell.
Sun. 20th I went to Thornton. Preached, and to Staining in the afternoon. At night in Poulton Mr. Tomeson and his wife was there.
Mon. 21st I stopped and preached. Mr. Morrow was there.
Tues. 22nd I went to Staining and preached. Roads extremely dirty. The people attentive. Fell low in my mind.
Wed. 23rd Went to Rawcliffe. Looked in Hambleton Chapel Yard. Saw a nice bush of thyme set on a grave. Felt solemnized by treading the turf of the silent dead. Sought for Miss Blundel’s grave. Saw no inscription. Preached to a very few at Rawcliffe. Felt my mind cast down. Slept at Lawrences.
Thurs. 24th Went to Eccleston. Had a good company. Felt liberty.
Fri. 25th Went to Garstang. Saw Mr. Wright, then came to Moss-side. Preached to a few and led their class.
Sat. 26th I went to Poulton. It was wet.
Sund. 27th Preached at Thornton, Staining and Poulton.
Mon. 28th I went in the afternoon to Preesall. Preached, then went to Pilling Lane to sleep. Was a fine night. George wished me to go to the Nets. I went, and I believe I got cold.
Tues. 29th This morning I felt severely affected with a cold. Preached at night.
Wed. 30th This afternoon I went to Pilling. Had much ado to speak because of my cold. After preaching I joined 3 more. There are 14 here now.
Thurs. 31st I felt worse this morning. I was very feverish and my head [severy turtred]. I drank some rosemary tea but ate nothing to it, and it made me sick. I threw up on the moss betwixt Pilling and Garstang. Called at John Wilsons. Took some elderberry wine. Took sickness away. I got John Wilson to preach.
Fri. Nov. 1st I went to Church-town and preached to a very few. I returned to Garstang.
Sat. 2nd Tonight I met children.
Sun. 3rd I preached at Garstang.
Mon. 4th At Ingol Wight (Inglewhite). Slept there.
Tues. 5th At Scorton. Came back to Garstang. Was a great storm.
Wed. 6th Went to Oakenclough. Preached to a very attentive congregation. Slept at Bibbys.
Thurs. 7th Preached to a large number for a Thursday night. B. Tomeson was there.
Fri. 8th Mr. Wright came. We went to Bilsbury chapel and J. Wilson, Mr. J. and B. Tomeson and me. There was a difference about the vestry. I think hurt was done. I went for Mr. Wright to Moss-side. It was dark. I got lost. Waded half a mile to calf of my leg in mud and slutch. I got to a hospitable house. Changed my shoes and stockings and a man went with me and he brought me to the place where I had to go. I might have been lost but for them.
Sat. 9th I went to Garstang and then I went to Head Nook. I got dinner there, then we sang. Begged of Henry not to withdraw from being a Trustee for the Chapel at Bilsborrow. I went to John Watson’s and slept there.
Sun. 10th This morning it rained fast. I had to go to Salwick. There were but a few. We had a prayer meeting. It rained till 2 o’clock. I did not go to Freckleton. In the afternoon I went to Kirkham. Preached and slept there. The young man, reed maker, I find is left, but I think another is come in his stead.
Mon. 11th I went to Bryning. Had a good company. Several stopped to sing late.
Tues. 12th I went early this morning to Lytham. Met with the same homely treatment as formerly. I preached to a small company.
Wed. 13th This afternoon, John and Nanny Mercer, and Thomas and Isabel Wright went with me to Hey Houses to Jno. Wades. Nanny Shires daughter had married him. We got tea, then I went on, and they went home. I had but 8 to preach to.
Thurs. 14th I went on to Poulton. Stopped tea, then went on to Thornton and preached. Had a comfortable time. I slept at Crofts.
Frid. 15th I went after breakfast to Bolton. At night I went to Mrs. Campbells. There was a woman from Liverpool. We had a comfortable time.
Sat. 16th I read all day. Got tea with Mrs. Campbell. Had a view of Jupiter’s Moons.
Sun. 17th I went to Thornton. Preached to them, and led their class. Then to Staining. Afterwards at Poulton.
Mon. 18th I stayed and preached at Poulton, and had a blessed time.
Tues. 19th I stopped at Poulton till late. Then went to Staining. Had one of Mr. Gaskell’s horses. Preached. William McNeall was there acting as his man.
Wed. 20th I stopped tea at Mr. Gaskells, then went to Rawcliffe. Preached to a decent number of folks. Thos. Bond was there. I went with him. Got supper, and slept at their house.
Thurs. 21st I read in Thomas’s library till noon or after. Then I went to Eccleston. Had a few to preach to. Slept there.
Fri. 22nd I got breakfast, then went to Poulton. At night I met a class at Mrs. Campblls. Mr. Dison, Miss Dison, Alice Fair and Betty Tomeson. We had a seasonable time.
Sat. 23rd I stayed reading. Miss Denison came in and from one thing to another round about, she drew to a point and asked me to marry her, and told me she had been some time in anxious concern about it, and that she had spoken to her mother, Mrs. Hoole, who had given full consent, and said (she) should be glad to be my mother any day. I told her I had no inclination to marry yet. I suppose I thought I should have complied, but I beg that the Lord would never let my eyes be blinded with the wealth of this world. R. Hall came from Bryning. We had a look at the Moon through my telescope. Saw the mountains very fair.
Sun. 24th I went to Thornton. Preached. Got to Poulton by twelve, preached a short sermon. Then the love feast began. There was not any time lost except long speaking was. I think it was a general good time. I preached at night. Mr. Thompson from Thistleton and his wife was there.
Mon. 25th I went to Preesall. Preached, then went on to Pilling Lane. Slept there.
Tues. 26th I remained at Pilling Lane. Went with George McNeall to Not End. Returned. Preached to a good company.
Wed. 27th I went with George to Capt. Eletsons, then got dinner. Then I went on to Pilling. I preached to a large company. Met the society. Then we sang awhile. I purchased a Bass Viol for Poulton.
Thurs. 28th This morning I went to Garstang and got there to dinner. Had a good number at night. Felt comfortable.
Fri. 29th Preached at Church-town. Came back.
Sat. 30th I met the children at Garstang.
Sun. Dec. 1st I preached at Garstang at 2½pm and 6 night. Place full. Had good liberty.
Mon. 2nd Went to Inglewhite. Preached.
Tues. 3rd Went to Scorton. Had a few come back and Rd. Knagg with me.
Wed. 4th Went to Oakenclough. It snowed and blew a storm on the top of the hills. Had a day sent (decent) company. We sung afterwards. I slept at Garners up on the hill; and very kind they were.
Thurs. 5th I came back. It was very slippy down the hill with running waters being froze.. This afternoon I went to Jno. Wilsons. Got tea. Preached at Garstang.
Fri. 6th I waited till Mr. Wright came.
Jan. 30th 1812 When I came back this day to Garstang, there was a letter informing me if I would see my father alive, I must immediately come. I hasted to Preston. Found him weak, but sensible and happy. He told me his confidence was firm and such as gave him satisfaction. I prayed with him and was satisfied myself respecting his state. I stayed with him till the 2nd of February, Sunday, when I left him with the same unshaken confidence. Nor did I expect to see him alive again in the land of the living. Sergeant Reynolds went with me to Kirkham and preached.
In the afternoon, never did I feel so sad or heavy, although I had felt happy as I came along the lane; but nature seemed to mourn. I went to Freckleton. Mr. Wright had got promise of a barn to preach in, but we could not get in, nor could we get the key. A number came. I stood on a chair in the open air, and very cold. My flesh turned blue as if stained with logwood. I got cold. I preached at Kirkham to a very few at night.
Mon. 3rd Feb. I felt the sadness still. I preached at Bryning tonight.
Tues. 4th Feb. I was going to Lytham. I got in part delivered from this unkind feeling.
Wed. 5th I got to Poulton. Preached at Staining. Had a good time. Met the new-formed class there. Slept at Poulton.
Thurs. 6th Preached at Thornton. Came back to Poulton.
Frid. 7th Met class at Mrs. Campbells.
Sun. 9th I had a good day.
Mon. 10th Likewise. Felt happy, felt power to preach.
Tues. 11th I went to Stalmen. It rained, and when I got there through the wetness, or it being Shrove Tuesday, I don’t know which or both, only 2 or 3 came besides what went with me. We had a prayer meeting.
Wed. 12th It rained very fast and water was up. I had to go round in the rain to go to Rawcliffe. I felt happy in delivering the word. Slept at Thos. Bonds.
Thurs. 13th I went to Eccleston. Had a good time.
Fri. 14th I went to Poulton. When at Skippool the tide was rising to a prodigious height. Had I been ½ hour later I should not have got. A man was deming (damming) his door with sods. I said, you expect it will reach your house. ‘Why, aye’, said he. ‘It may reach nigh to the door, but tomorrow I expect it to be higher.’ I said, ‘The wind is deming the tine in, and I think it will get over your dam at your door.’ ‘Nay not it’, said he, but it washed the house down. The family got away backwards. I met the class at Mrs. Campbells.
Sun. 16th I had a good day today.
Mon. 17th It was very wt. I set off for Preesall and it rained like a thunder shower for near 2 hours together. I stood 3 quarters of an hour or longer by Wyre-side, and boat could not come near; and I think a dozen came and the man had to carry one by one and was a long time. My handkerchief with my books and clothes was wet through. I was an hour too late. The people was waiting. I asked one to give out a hymn while I changed my stockings and shoes. I then preached. Then I went to Pilling Lane.
Tues. 18th I preached at Pilling Lane, had a good time.
Wed. 19th I stayed at G. McNeals till afternoon. I then went to Pilling. I had a large number of people. When I had done, I met the society, and another joined.
Thurs. 20th I went to Garstang after dinner. Mr. Ogle came and gave me a call. He said my father was much as I had left him, but soon after I had a letter that told me that father was dead. I set off for Preston. Though nigh night, I got there by 9 at night. I strew the lane with my tears, but in the midst of this I felt a firm confidence that he was landed in rest. He died on Wed. 19th of February, 1812, 6. 2 pm. I felt a little weighed at the thought of having lost my last real friend and counsellor. I could but say, well he is happy, forever happy.
Sat. 22nd This night my father was interred, and after I went on to St. Larorcen and lodged at Wm. Prestons.
Sun. 23rd Mr. Baning preached at the New Chapel this morning and this afternoon for me. I preached at night in Garstang.
Mon. 24th Jane Cattrell went with me to Barton Hall, to Mr. Holms’s. We got tea, then Lydia Holms went with us to Inglewhite. I preached there.
Tues. 25th I went to Goosnargh. Preached.
Wed. 26th I went by Inglewhite C. Brother went with me to the top of the hill to Oakenclough, but we had much ado to get over the river. The sciping (skipping or stepping) stones were took down with the flood. We were forced to get stones to put to step on, but the stream took some of them away; but we got to step across the stream. I preached and then ordered the class to meet, but they got off in a hurry. None stopped.
Thurs. 27th I returned to Garstang. Preached to a congregation as large as that on a Sunday.
Sun. 22nd March I preached my father’s funeral sermon at Garstang to a great concourse of people.
Sat. 16th May This day at Garstang, Mr. Wright desired me to write for him all his papers in one to send to the committee of the Missions. I wrote from morning till night. About 6 o’clock, when we had tea, Miss B. Brown & Miss Threlfall from Hollowforth were there after tea. Mr. Wright took them into his garden to walk. I sat in the parlour thinking what I must preach from on the morning &c. I took up some pamphlets in the window, and there was a letter laid
under with ‘Character’ in large writing on it. What is this, thought I?
It is me. I took it up to read, but my conscience pricked me. I laid it down. I had no sooner done it than a thought struck me it was providence had put t in my way. I took it up and read it, and it was for my character described under 6 heads.
1. Piety. This was genuine tho’ mixed with some weaknesses.
2. Health and Constitution. Not the best. This was inferred from a little
3. Judgement. Sound with regards to the Fundamental Doctrines of
4. Certainly has an investigating mind, but it was more on the
curiosities of Astronomy
more than Divinity.
5. Tho’ abilities not brilliant, his way of delivery disgusting. Only had
heard him once.
6. His behaviour as far as I know is unblamable.
I had scarce read it and copied the head, when he returned. He said, come, will you go and look at my cow. I went with him. He said, ‘What do you think it is worth? I said, ‘It may be worth twice as much or, not half as much. I don’t do cashes.’ He could see that I wasn’t in the humour to talk about cashes. We came back again. He talked about me going to the District Meeting in a friendly way, but I did not say anything that I had found that wretched letter. I went into my room, knelt down before the Lord, and cried, and told him my woe, I think about an hour. Then I wrote this –
Dear Sir, If I did not believe you to be in a very good humour I would not give you this, but I do, and you know me, so let us be good humoured still. You talk of me going to the District. I declare that I am afraid of going, and this is a weakness, but the courageous, when they know that a well formed ...(Illegible...) is prepared to play on them, will make them to tremble, but to trifle no longer. I was sat innocently on the window without a desire to search. I took up some tracts and just opened to a letter with ‘Character’ wrote in large letters. I took it up with a desire to read, but my conscience pricked med me. I laid it down again. Something struck my mind that it was providence that had put it in my way. I took it up and read it, and found it was me described in the following order –
1. Piety. Obs(ervations) Should like to know them (weaknesses). Perhaps I might mend.
2. Health and Constitution. Obs. Is this true? I durst not say it.
3. Judgement. Obs. Question whether my constitution be not sounder.
4. Investigative mind. Obs. This I should not say true if I said this.
5. Ability. Obs. Is one time sufficient for judgement?
6. Behaviour. Obs. Thank you Sir. You deserve it.
I now was called to supper. Mr. Wright was more than usually merry whilst sat at the table. I said, ‘Sir, did you ever see an Astronomical observation, and how it is worked?’ ‘No,’ said he. ‘I will let you look at an observation and how it is worked, if you promise two things.
1. To give it me again, and
2. Not be vexed for it may not suit you.
He promised both, and laid hold of it with eager hands. While he read, he changed colours. He got up threw it at me in such a rage\ as if he had had a gouty tow and had trod on it. I said, ‘Cone, come, let us shake hands.’ And I would and did before I finished my supper. He said I had no business with his papers. I said he had no business with such lying papers, nor to have such paper loose. The time of prayer came. He gave me the Bible. I opened it to one of the Psalms without desire that might have been penned on purpose. I read it and burst into tears while I was reading. The same when I was praying. When we got up he stormed again as if he had been a sea captain in a storm. He went to bed in ths way.
Sun. 17th May (1812) Preached at Garstang in the morning, and at Bilsborrow in the afternoon, and led the class and preached at Garstang at night, and met the class.
Mon. 18th May (1812) Set off early this morning for Preston. Got before the coach. Took top of the coach to Manchester. There was a young preacher, Mr. Newton from Lancaster there, and Thos. and Sam Jackson in the same coach.